In the early days they used vigilante justice otherwise referred to as an eye for an eye. This is when the victim or the victim’s family would seek revenge. That changed to government justice. The government stepped in and stopped the eye for an eye and determined that if a crime was committed that it was a crime against society and not the individual and the government would decide the punishment. Then they went to corporal punishment where they utilized not only physical punishment but also psychological punishment. Eventually, the most popular punishment was incarceration. This was most of a psychological punishment.