BIO411 TMA

Q1 Predation usually results in the_____of one of the interacting.
benefit
deficient
death
growth

Q2 The following are types of commensalism except _____.
Cleaning
camouflage
Synoecious
Phoresis

Q3 The following are the basic types of heterospecific relationships except _____.
Loose associations
Permanent associations
Temporary associations
Intimate associations

Q4 The term ____ refers to a relationship between organisms/members of the same species.
interspecific
Heterospecific
homogenetic
heterogametic

Q5 The following are habitats where organisms live except _____
zerosphere
air
water
soil

Q6 Increasing malaria burdens can be qttributrf to tgs following except ______.
frequent exposure of the non-immune popukations
inefficient control programmes
emergence of HIV
climatic and environmental changes

Q7 The following are the economic burdesn of a disease except _____.
loss of productivity
care for the infected people
absenteeism
morbidity

Q8 The following aspects are incorporated in solving parasitic disease problems except ______.
geographical
temporal
mathematical
None of the Options

Q9 Epidemiology incorporates to a large extent geographical and ______tools in solving problems.
mathematical
psychological
statistical
Biological

Q10 _______ variabl is not a significant determinant of disease distribution and patterns.
Physical
Biological
Chemical
Sociological

Q11 The following are demographic factors except ______.
sex
age
Population density
None of the Options

Q12 The following subject areas are integrated in epidemiology except _______.
Geography
Literature
Statistics
Science

Q13 Epidemiology is the study of the disease pattern and _____ within a defined community.
symptons
cure
distribution
cause

Q14 A risk factor which must occur for a disease situation to arise is known as _____ risk
legal
necessary
illegaj
unnessary

Q15 Parasites depend on their hosts for physiological and _____ needs.
primary
reproductive
respirative
nutritional

Q16 The environment plays a key role in the survival and _____ of parasites.
transmission
translocatio
transduction
None of the Options

Q17 Parasites are a polyphyletic group of animals ranging from protozoans to _____.
Trematodes
Nematodes
Chodates
Schiseosomes

Q18 Parasites are are responsible for a number of diseases and _____ in their hosts.
attacks
mortality
retrogations
mobidity

Q19 Parasites exhibit _____ distribution among host individuals.
aggregate
normal
hoeizon
None of the Options

Q20 Parasitology can be studied in the follwing fields except ____
Vhelminthology
Ecology
Medicine
Biochemistry

 

Q1 Elasmobranchs are hosts of the _____ worms.
earth
hook
round
tape

Q2 Parasites that evolved with their hosts are known as ______.
heirlooms
carniloom
souvenirs
None of the Options

Q3 Phylogenetic specificity is determined by _____ factors. I. ecological II. physiological III. psychological
I only
I and II
II and III
II only

Q4 The reciprocal adaptive genetic change of two antagonists through reciprocal selective pressures is known as _____
reciprocal adaptation
co-evolution
selective pressures
survival of the fittest

Q5 The following terms are factors associated with parasite-host relationship except host _____.
adaptations
specificity
evolution
specificity

Q6 Ability to secure the appropriate host is key to parasite ____.
identity
perculiarity
specificity
survival

Q7 When groups of parsites are associated with natural groups of hosts, the relationship issaid to be _____.
Supra –specific
Phylogenetic
Infra-specific
None of the Options

Q8 The collection of hosts that an organism can utilize as a partner is known as its host _____.
identity
particularity
solidarity
range

Q9 Parasites that utilize a small range of host are said to be _____ .
Monoxenous
Polyxenous,
Oligoxenous
None of the Options

Q10 The following factors determine a parasite’s choice of host except _____’
structural
geographical
physiological
environmental

Q11 The selective and dynamic phenomenon of parasite adaptation to certain hosts is known as host ____.
identity
perculiarity
specificity
survival

Q12 The relationship between a parasite and a host is determined by ____ factors.
physiological
biological
chemical
biochemical

Q13 The following are types of hosts except ____.
Definitive
facultative
Reservoir
Dead end

Q14 Biotic and abiotic factors of the host influence the ____ of the parasite. I. survival II. distribution, III. intensity
I only
I and II
I, II and III
II and III

Q15 The following are the criteria for categorizing parasites except _______.
Site of residence or habitat
Duration or degree of dependence
Nature of host
None of the Options

Q16 ____ does not determine the pthogenicity of a given parasit.
mode of action
taxonomy
behaviour
host selection

Q17 The following are types of parasites except ______.
Aquarious
Pseudo
Obligatory
Coprozoic

Q18 The following can be parasites except _____.
plants
bacteria
viruses
None of the Options

Q19 Parasitism can be said to be ______ relationship. I. one-sided II. social III. ecological
I only
I and II
I, II and III
II and III

Q20 The degree of effect of parasitism depends on the following except its _____.
type
mode of action
courses
defect

 

 

Q1 ______ systen is present in flatworms.
respiratory
circulatory
digestive
reproductive

Q2 The follwing are characteristics of the Helminthes except ____.
biploblastic organisms
bilaterally symmetrical
pronounced cephalization
onset of specific physiologic organs

Q3 Flatworms are broadly divided into_____ classes;
5
4
3
2

Q4 Trematodes may be ____ or ______.
trigenetic, digenetic
monogenetic, digenetic
monogenetic, trigenetic
digenetic, trigenetic

Q5 Trematodes constitute a group of parasitic _____ worms.
round
flat
tape
hook

Q6 Protozoans are a _____ group of unicellular animals.
polyphletic
prokaryotic
karyotic
None of the Options

Q7 Prtozoan parasites are notfound in the ______.
liver
blood cells
blood plasma
None of the Options

Q8 The follwing are the process of reproduction of prtozoan parasites except _____.
fissions
syngamy
conjugation
fusion

Q9 The firs animals with membrane-bound nucleus are the _____.
prokaryotes
protozoans
eukaryotes
trematodes

Q10 The follwing are characteristics of the protozoas except _____.
unicellular
micriscopic
prokaryotic
None of the Options

Q11 Protozoans are the most common parasites of _____.
invertebrates
vertebrates
chordates
reptiles

Q12 The mode of classification of protozoans is\r\nprimarily based on their_____ organelle
digestive
excretory
reproductory
locomotory

Q13 Non-specific resistance is also known as _____ immunity.
innate
primary
primitive
spcific

Q14 Organisms are able to distinguish between self and non-self using immune _______.
resistance
response
specificity
afinity

Q15 Natural resistance is influenced by the following factors except host’s ______.
genetic composition
age
gender.
None of the Options

Q16 Host natural resistance can arise through______. I. geographical distribution II. behavioural characteristics of the host III. nutritional habits
I only
I and II
I, II and III
II and III

Q17 The following host characteristics influence host-parasite interactions except _____.
psychology
behaviour
physiology
strcture

Q18 The unsuitability of a host is kown as host _____.
afinity
hostility
resistance
specificity

Q19 Both biotic and abiotic factors of parasite habitats affect the ______ of the host.
establishment
survival
establishment
None of the Options

Q20 Free-living organisms struggle with abiotic factors within the environment for ______.
existence
survival
fitness
breakthrough

 

Q1 The following are examples of arthropods except _____.
Birds
Mosquitoes
Bedbug
Biting midges

Q2 The life cycle of leeches includes the following except ______.
They have incomplete metamorphosis
They are hermaphrodite
The eggs are buried in moist or aquatic site
Sperm transfer occurs during copulation

Q3 In Leeches pathogencity involves _____.
Allergic reaction, dermatitis and feeding on subcutaneous tissues
Disruption of skeletal musculature
Skin inflammation upon blood meal
Impairement of respiratory system

Q4 The follow are characteristic features of leeches except ______.
They feed a blood and all the species can bite
They are dorso-ventrally flattened and segmented worms
Most leeches do not feed on human blood
Their exploratory behavior includes head movement and body weaving

Q5 The ____ are parasites of pigs.
Filarial spp
Ancylostoma sp
Drancumculus spp
Macracanthorhynces spp

Q6 The following are hermaphrodites except ____.
Leeches
Nematodes
Cestodes
None of the Options

Q7 The following statements are true of the class acanthocephalan except _____.
They are ectoparasites of vertebrates
Sexes are separate
Their external skin has a thin cuticle covering the epidermis
Fully developed embryos are retained within the shell

Q8 The Acanthocephalans are commonly named spiny-headed worms because they _______.
have flat proboscis bearing rows of spines
are around, elongate , cylindrical worms
have cylindrical invaginated proboscis rows of spines
None of the Options

Q9 In Acanthocephalan, spines are used for _______.
sucking nutrient from the host
adhering to the hosts’ wall
sucking and holding the gut wall of the host
piercing and holding the host gut wall

Q10 Management practices for Nematode control includes ______ I. Good sanitary conditions II. Chemoprophylaxis III. Chemotherapy
I only
I andII
I and III
I, II and III

Q11 Filarial worms are responsible for the diseases except _____.
River blindness
Onchocerciasis
Colour blindness
Elephantiasis

Q12 Drancumulus mediness causes ______.
. Calabar swelling
Loasis
Hook worm infection
Guinea worm infection

Q13 River blindness is caused by ­­­­______.
Loa loa
Onchocerca volvulus
Wucheria bancrofti
Ancyclostoma deuodenale

Q14 Bancroftion filariasis is also known as _____.
Calabar swelling
Elehpantiasis
River blindness
Hook worm infection

Q15 The basic classes of Nematodes are:
Eucestoda and Cestodaria
Arthopodea and Aylostoma
Phasmidea and Aphasmidea
Nematodea and Phasmidea

Q16 The following statements are true about Nematode except that they are ______.
round, elongate and cylindrical unsegmented worms
dioecious
found parasitizing humans
endoparasite of vertebrates

Q17 Cestode transmission in animals is by ______.
Faeco-oral means
Poorly cooked beef
oral means only
Poorly cooked pork

Q18 The pathogenicity of Cestode involves ________.
The impairment of tissues
Benign skin inflammation upon blood meal
Infection via fungal agents
The disruption of skeletal musculature in respective intermediate and definitive hosts

Q19 ______ are used during nutrition for attaching to the host.
Head and sucker
Scolex and head
Suckers and hooks
Microvilli

Q20 The class Cestoda has the following characteristic features except that they are ______.
round worms
elongated and segmented worms
. immature proglottids are closer to the head
gravid worms are the farthest

 

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