ENT207 TMA

Hedging risk for a short position is accomplished by

A.Taking a long position

B. Taking another short position

C. Taking additional long and short positions

D. Taking a neutral position

Q1 ——– are payments that are made by one company (the licensee) to another company (the licensor) in exchange for the right to use intellectual property (or physical assets), which are owned by the licensor.



Q2 Trade secret laws are included in —– laws for the simple fact that they prevent the unauthorized use of certain intangible subject matter.



Q3 Trade secrets do not receive —— protection because they are not inventive.



Q4 In order to receive trademark protection, a mark usually must be —–



Q5 —— refers to a sign capable of distinguishing the goods or services of one enterprise from those of other enterprises.



Q6 A—– is an exclusive right conferred on an inventor for his invention and provides the owner with the right to decide how, or whether, the invention can be used by others.



Q7 Preference shares attract —— dividend or interest.



Q8 ——— shareholders cannot vote in the AGM of their firm.



Q9 The holders of —– shares are part owners of the firm



Q10 ———- debenture is one not secured on any particular asset of the firm



Q11 Debentures which are securities in a particular asset of the firm are called—–.



Q12 Commodity exchange traded funds usually track the price of a particular commodity or group of commodities that constitute an index by using —— contracts.



Q13 Exchange traded notes (ETNs) trade like stocks, and they allow investors to participate in commodity price fluctuations without investing directly in ——- contracts.



Q14 Exchange traded funds (ETFs) allow investors to participate in commodity —– fluctuations without investing directly in futures contracts.



Q15 The price at which an option sale takes place is known as the ——- and is specified at the time the parties enter into the option.



Q16 These are contracts that offer the owner the right, but not the obligation, to buy a specified asset.



Q17 —— derivatives refer to contracts which involve the exchange of cash (flows) on or before a specified future date.



Q18 The ——- contracts exist on the basis of long-dated options which are transacted over the counter.



Q19 —– are derivatives in relation to options that are contracts which provide the owner the opportunity for an �??all-or-nothing�?� profit from the contract



Q20 —— is a contract that offers the owner the right, but not the obligation, to sell a specified asset.



Q21 ——- is a derivative in which the contract is to buy or sell a specified asset on an agreed date at a price specified today



Q22 ——- is a type of derivative which is a personalized contract between two parties in which payment takes place at a specific date at today’s pre-determined price as agreed upon by both parties.



Q23 Privately traded ——- derivatives such as swaps do not go through an exchange or other intermediary



Q24 —— aims to maximize return by investing in different areas that would each react differently to the same event.



Q25 ____ is a technique that reduces risk by allocating investments among various financial instruments, industries and other categories.



Q26 ____ involves more risks than ordinary investment; it is a hybrid investment undertaking.



Q27 ——– refers to a contract that originates its value from the performance of an underlying entity



Q28 ——- is used to reduce any substantial losses that may occur in investment which has to do with financial assets in the capital market.



Q29 ——- is an investment position which is intended for use in offsetting potential losses or gains that may be incurred by a companion investment.



Q30 ——- consists of taking an offsetting position in a related security, such as a futures contract.



Q31 ——– is an investment which is undertaking in order to reduce the risk of adverse price movements in a financial asset.



Q32 Diversification Double Dip is one of the ——– of Diversification.



Q33 In order to identify undervalued securities, a —– investor uses analysis of the financial reports of the issuer to evaluate the security.



Q34 Efforts made to bridge the gap between northern and southern Nigeria education do not include _____



Q35 Efforts made to bridge the gap between northern and southern Nigeria education do not include _____



Q36 Efforts made to bridge the gap between northern and southern Nigeria education do not include _____



Q37 A hedge is used to reduce any substantial losses that may occur in investment which has to do with financial assets in the —— market.



Q38 A hedge consists of taking an offsetting position in a ——– security, such as a futures contract.



Q39 Diversification —— is one of the disadvantages of Diversification.



Q40 Value investment involves buying undervalued securities while selling overvalued ones out of the investment portfolio in the ——-.



Q41 Taxes collectible by the federal government does not include ——–



Q42 ——– implies circumstances in which the magnitude of risk insured against by some companies is too high for a single insurance company to bear and is being shared with others.



Q43 This refers to situations where companies or organizations retain their risk management in the operations of their business or entities without the need to transfer it to insurance companies.



Q44 ——– motive refers to the desire of individuals to keep money (or cash) for unforeseen contingencies



Q45 The —— motive for money demand involves the need the need to hold money for use in day-to-day activities in the near future.



Q46 A property in the possession of buyer can become a ——– if he or she (the home owner) fails to make a mortgage payment for at least three months (90 days).



Q47 Trade secrets do not include ———-



Q48 ——— can be traced back to when craftsmen used to put their signature on products.



Q49 Commercial mortgages cannot be used to finance ——–



Q50 Secured debentures are securities in a specific _____ of a firm.



Q51 Intelectual property rights does not include —–



Q52 Diversification —— is one of the disadvantages of Diversification.



Q53 Value investment involves buying undervalued securities while selling overvalued ones out of the investment portfolio in the ——-.



Q54 ——- is measured by the disparity between original price of the investible product and current market price of the product



Q55 —– options are contracts which provide the owner the opportunity for an �??all-or-nothing�?� profit from the contract.



Q56 A contract that offers the owner the right, but not the obligation, to buy, in respect of a specified asset is ———.



Q57 The price at which the sale of an option takes place is known as ———- and is specified at the time the parties enter into the option.



Q58 Futures contract is a homogeneous contract that is normally written by a ——– which operates an exchange where the deal can take place.



Q59 This type of derivative is a personalized contract between two parties in which payment takes place at a specific date at today’s pre-determined price as agreed upon by both parties.



Q60 ——- is when insurance companies contribute together to make up a policyholder’s losses.



Q61 —— implies that all classes of risks insured with an insurance company are shared between insurers or insurance companies.



Q62 —— is when an insurance company compensates, the insured in the case of certain losses only up to the insured’s interest.



Q63 ———- implies that the insured and the insurer are bound by a good faith, bond of honesty and fairness.



Q64 —– is when the insurance company acquires legal rights to pursue recoveries on behalf of the insured



Q65 —– is when the cause of loss must be covered under the insuring agreement of the policy, and the dominant cause must not be excluded.



Q66 A ——- emergency fund allows you to save for emergencies occasioned by events such as loss of job and major natural disaster like an earthquake or fire. 



Q67 —– accounts are associated with commission on turnover on the basis of the number of transactions on the account in a given period of time



Q68 Short-term —— is the type of fund that is invested just for a few days before being liquidated



Q69 ——– account is used to keep money in the bank but its funds can be accessed by the owner of the account every time he/she desires with the use of cheque.



Q70 ——– is the increase in the investor’s equity ratio as the portion of debt service payments devoted to principal accrue over time.



Q71 ——- can be calculated as the ratio of net operating income to the purchase price of the asset.



Q72 ——— necessitates swapping only the interest inherent in the cash flows using the same currency between the two parties.



Q73 —— involves taking advantage of differences in price of a single asset or identical cash-flows.



Q74 Disadvantages of Hedging does not include ——



Q75 Advantages of Hedging include ———-



Q76 Portfolio ——– is achieved by placing a larger percentage of high return investments in a diversified portfolio



Q77 Hult Model of Venture Creation Process includes



Q78 Behave Model of Venture Creation Process does not include ——-



Q79 eakins Model of Venture Creation Process does not include —



Q80 Value investment involves buying undervalued securities while selling overvalued ones out of the investment portfolio in the —— market.



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