ESM 324 Past Questions

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    campusflava
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    NOVEMBER, 2018 EXAMINATIONS

    COURSE CODE: ESM 324
    COURSE TITLE: URBAN ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
    CREDIT: 2 Units
    TIME ALLOWED: 2 Hours
    INSTRUCTION: Answer Question ONE (1) and any other THREE (3) Questions

    1a) Examine the techniques of urban renewal(5×2=10mks)
    1b) Examine any three major roles of road transportation in urban growth and development.(5×2=10mks)
    1c) Examine the theories of urban spatial structure(5mks)

    2a) With relevant examples explain the meaning of waste.(3mks)
    2b) Identify and discuss the factors determining Urban Housing Provision in Nigeria(3×4=12mks).

    3a) What is urbanism?(2mks)
    3b) Examine the impacts of poor waste management in Nigeria urban environment.(5×2=10mks)
    3c) With relevant examples discuss in detail the environmental problems of erosion/flooding, waste and pollution in Nigeria town and cities(1×3=3mks)

    4a) What is urban renewal?(1mk)
    4b) Enumerate on the challenges of rapid growth of urban populations in Nigerian Cities(1×4=4mks)
    4c) Discuss the any five problems of urbanization in Nigeria.(5×2=10mks)

    5a) Discuss the common Waste Disposal Methods used in Nigeria urban centres.(3×1=3mks)
    5b) List the reasons for poor waste management in developing countries(4×1=4mks)
    5c) Briefly discuss gender differences and inequalities on waste disposal under the following:(4×2=8mks)
    i)Household Resources and Waste Disposal
    ii)Views and Priorities Related to Waste Disposal
    iii)Participation in Community Decision-Making about Waste Disposal
    iv)Employment Opportunities in Waste Disposal or Sewage Treatment

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