PCR113 TMA

Q1 __________ can be regarded as the initial predictions about strangers based on incomplete information about their culture, race, religion or ethnicity
Failure
Sterotypes
Generalisation
Information

Q2 The current secretary to the federal government of Nigeria is ____________
Tinubu
Chinyere
Mustapha
Bolanlea

Q3 A stable social equilibrum in which the surfacing of new disputes does not escalate into violence and war is called
Positive Conflict
Posistive peace
Development
Tolerance

Q4 __________ is getting people to accept each other as part of their own group
Development
Peace Building
Reconcilation
Conciliation

Q5 Who is the Current President of the United States
Jacob
Harvey
Stone
Trump

Q6 Borno State is in which geopolitical zone of Nigeria
Southwest
Southsouth
South East
North East

Q7 Who is the Present governor of Rivers State
Wike
Amaechi
Ojo
Douglas

Q8 A process whereby individual’s behaviour, attitude and general perception of life is changed is known as _____________
Teaching
Communication
Development
Education

Q9 Religious Conflict is _______ based
Value
Spiritually
Physically
Emotionally

Q10 Peace can be categorised into positive and _________
Violent
Negative
Development
Bias

Q11 Who is the author of the book titled “An Agenda for Peace”
Samuel
Eagle
Albert
Boutros

Q12 __________ is a very important component of the insitutions necessary for the growth and sustenance of democracy
Religious bias
Civil society
Conflict society
Economic growth

Q13 ___________ consists of all those institutions outside the control of government or beyond under public regulation
Civil Society
Military Society
Social Society
Economic society

Q14 In Ghali’s Agenda for peace (1992), ___________ is considered a complementary measure to prevent diplomacy, peacemaking and peace keeping
Peace building
Peace Reinforcement
Conflict Management
conflict Transformation

Q15 Who introduced peace building into the security framework and language of the United Nations
Bush
Buhari
Trump
Boutros

Q16 ___________ is a concept used to transform social relationships, structures and culture so as to reduce the root cause of social conflicts
Peace making
Peacebuilding
Peace reinforcement
Peace research

Q17 The way to develop ______ is to keep track of which agents are doing various peacebuilding activities
Peace Inventory
Peace Reinforcement
Conflict Management
Dialogue

Q18 _________ measures should integrate civil society in all efforts and include all levels of society in the post conflict strategy
Peacebuilding
Conflict Management
Conflict Resolution
conflict development

Q19 _________ is an act committed against somebody in return for whatever that fellow had done to you
compensation
Decision
Agreement
Vengeance

Q20 ______________ means giving something in the place of another that was lost as a result of one conflict or the other
Disagreement
Understanding
Conflict
Compensation

Q21 Which of the following is not part of pedagogical peace action research
Research Questions
Observation
Consultation
Preparing Strategy

Q22 The three peace pedagogical dimensions involve skills, knowledge and ________
Attitudes
Religion
hate
Behaviour

Q23 The skills that constitute not just the existing knowledge of the subject but above all the ability to arrange, weigh and select this knowedlege is known as _________
Subject Skills
Ability skills
Development skills
Learning Skills

Q24 Elements of ________ include love, determination, focus and shared vision
Unity
Hate
Development
purpose

Q25 ___________ can be considered as the state of general agreement and focus for a common good
Unity
Togetherness
Progress
purpose

Q26 One of the greatest problems affecting mankind, causing was is lack of ________
Unity
Purpose
Understanding
Progress

Q27 ___________ diplomacy involves both individuals and organizations from outside the government
Track 2
Track 4
Track 6
Track 7

Q28 ____________ is a type of identity conflict based on the colour of one’s skin or the origin of the group from which they came
Religious conflict
Economic Conflict
Industrial conflicts
Racial Conflict

Q29 Tribal, religious, ethnic and nationality conflicts are examples of _______
Identity Conflict
Economic Conflict
Social conflict
Religious Conflict

Q30 ___________ involves disputes over land, water and the use of natural resources and the environment
Terrestial & environmental conflicts
Social Conflict
Religious Conflict
None of the above

Q31 __________ is the world view often through which all things are percieved
Conflict
Argument
Ideology
Thinking

Q32 ___________ is a clash of basic values related to the role of government in society
Basic Conflict
Social Conflict
Ideological Conflicts
Economic Conflicts

Q33 __________ is the euphemism for the worst kind of crime that a State can commit against its citizensS
Genocide
Babarism
Human Rights Violation
Development

Q34 Which year did the United Nations come into existence
1944
1947
1945
1936

Q35 Which Country hosted the world environmental summit in 1992
Japan
Brazil
Lagos
Rio de Janero

Q36 which year was the Universial Declaration of Human Rights signed?
December 1948
July 1947
August 1946
July 1949

Q37 Which year was the chaster of the United Nations signed
June 1946
June 1947
June 1945
May 1945

Q38 Which year did the French revolution take place
1884
1792
1642
1789

Q39 which year was the Virginia Bill of Right adopted in the United States
1772
1658
1513
1776

Q40 which of the following is not part of the virginia bill of right in United states
Right to Life
freedom of press
right of Legal protection
Right to marry

Q41 ____________ in 1679 in England served to protect the citizen against arrest without cause
Magna Charta
Petition of Rights
Habeas Corpus
Human Rights

Q42 Habeas Corpus Act in England came into existence in which year?
1679
1215
1315
1419

Q43 Which of the phlosopher considered life, freedom and prosperity as unchanging natural rights of people
John Locke
Ebestein
Galton
Albert

Q44 ____________ of the universal declarations of Human Rights States that ” we are born free and equal in dignity and rights”
Article 5
Article 1
Article 10
Article 8

Q45 __________ implies legal, political and social rights
Citizenship
Devoluton
Constitution
Democracy

Q46 ____________ responsibilities comprise obeying laws, respecting the rights and opinion of others and paying taxes
Personal
Civic
Group
Identity

Q47 ___________ responsibilities include taking care of oneself, accepting responsibility for the consequences of ones actions
Civic
Personal
Group
Identity

Q48 ______________ is a single statement or attitude about a group of people that does not recognise the complex, multidimensional nature of human beings
Stereotype
Transformation
Development
Hallmark

Q49 ____________ Is defined as a simplified and fixed image of all members of a culture or group
Stereotype
Peace Building
Awareness
Civic Education

Q50 Which of the following is not among the topics traced to civic education
Right of individual
Rules and laws
Indidvidual freedoms
Economic transformation

Q51 _________ is a study of the purpose of government, the nature of law, the way private behaviour affects the public order and the political system
Civic education
Ecology
International relations
Politics

Q52 What is the term given to the study of political institutions and their values, commitments, assumptions and challenges
History
Geography
Political science
Civic education

Q53 These _________________ leaders are highly visible and receive a lot of media coverage
Top level
Middle level
Down level
Double level

Q54 __________ leadership includes the key political, religious and military leaders involve in a conflict
Top level
Middle level
Down level
State level

Q55 Three levels of leadership in any society include top, middle and ____________ leadership
Down
Grassroot
Parallel
Upward

Q56 Several approaches parent can take to help their children understand rascial and cultural diversity, except
Admit prejudice
Observe diversity
Protest discriminatory actions
Build confidence

Q57 Effects of racism and prejudice are as follow except
Awareness of racial cues
Attitude toward race and ethnicity forming
Negative developmental outcomes
None of the above

Q58 Racial prejudice can be communicated through the following, except
Directly
Indirectly
Internationally
Backwardly

Q59 Children who are victims of racism and prejudice may react in the following ways except
Accept stereotype
Sense of inferiority
Develop resertment
Build confidence

Q60 Both racism and ________________ refer to an unfavourable attitude, feeling or behaviour based on myths and stereotypes
Prejudice
Thinking
Tribalism
Reasoning

Q61 Who is the Vice President of Nigeria
Amosun
Richard
Osinbanjo
Buhari

Q62 Nigeria has how many states
39
28
32
36

Q63 Who is the Governor of Ekiti State
Fayose
Ogungbemi
Jackson
Amosun

Q64 Which of the state is not affected by Boko-Haram Imergency
Borno
Adamawa
Yobe
Ogun

Q65 Peace keeping in a ___________ intervention initiative
Direct
Indirect
Second party
Third party

Q66 ____________ is a third party intervention to assist parties in transitioning from violent conflict to peace by separating the fighting parties and keeping them apart
Diplomacy
Transition
Peacekeeping
Peace Enforcement

Q67 ___________ is the diplomatic effort to end the violence between the conflicting parties
Peacekeeping
Peacemaking
Reconcilation
Conciliatiion

Q68 _________ peace is characterized by the absence of physical and structural violence
Democratic
Direct
Indirect
Sustainable

Q69 A process that facilitates the establishment of durable peace and prevent the recurrence of violence by addressing root causes and effects of conflict is known as___________
Peacebuilding
Peacemaking
Peace movement
Conflict management

Q70 __________ is the phase of peace process that takes place after peace making and peace keeping
Conflict Resolution
Conflict Prevention
Peacebuilding
Peace Effort

Q71 Which of the following is not part of complete cnflict prevention planning mechanism has entreated by Micheal Liend
Conflict diagnosis
Conflict Transformation
Response Identification
Implementation

Q72 What is the name of the scholar who elaborated on structural violence and inequality between the centre and the periphery
Galtung
Albert
Faraday
Weiss

Q73 The international Peace Research Association (IPRA) was founded in which country
Nigeria
United States
India
Copenhagen

Q74 International Peace Research Association (IPRA) was founded in ____________
1964
1965
1946
1948

Q75 The term that is use for person who is ready to share in the problems of others or ready to hurt himself in order to satisfy the need of others is ___________
Kindness
Trustworthy
Obedience
Straightfoward

Q76 The way and manner a person react to somebody who hurt him refers to as _________
Calmness
Tolerance
Deasion
Opportunity

Q77 Tolerance, kindness and love are ___________ of peace
Opposite
Elements
Poison
Absence

Q78 ___________ refers to a general condition where there is calm and order in a specific environment, mind or body
Peace
Conflict
Stability
Violence

Q79 ______________ occurs where instructions impact positively on the pattern of behaviour of the learner
Education
learnning
teaching
peace

Q80 ____________Is the process where by individuals behaviour and general perception of life is changed through the process of learning
education
conflict management
Research
conlanlation

Q81 Evolving government policies should aim at encouraging ——– democracy
renewed
modern
participatory
popular

Q82 When one becomes involved with people who are less like us the process is called ——– social capital
bonding
bridging
moulding
straithening

Q83 The Hutus and the —— were the two major contending parties in the genocide in Rwanda
Tutsi
militia
soldier
Mustis

Q84 Muslims and Christians should look for the issues they disagree about, but also areas where they do agree and can —- on
fight
argue
work
struggle

Q85 When there is infighting in All Peoples Party is called ——- fued
intraparty
multifaceted
party
interparty

Q86 Which skills is not just the existing knowledge of the subject but above all the ability to arrange weight and select knowledge
Pedagogical and didactic skills
Organisational skills
Management skills
Subject skills

Q87 Which of the following is not among the element of unity?
Arrogance
Love
Determination
Focus

Q88 Which of the following documents is not of English origin in the evolution of human rights?
The Magna Carta of 1215
The Petition of Rights of 1628
The Habeas Corpus Act of 1679
An Agenda for Peace of 1992

Q89 What can be considered to be the state of general agreement and focus for a common good?
Peace building
Endurance
Love
Unity

Q90 The�?��?�…war and especially the wars in the territory of former Yugoslavia brought a new impetus to peace education
Witney
Gulf
Karl Marx
Brenda

Q91 The following are the ways to enhance participation in the pedagogy except
Peace building measure
Group size
Country of origin
Balance of sexes

Q92 The concept peacebuilding was introduced into the security framework and language of the United Nations in a publication titled
Frame work for peacebuilding
Agenda for peacebuilding
Agenda for peace
Security framework

Q93 Peace Education takes place simultaneously in the following dimensions except one Pick the incorrect option
Initiation
Attitude
Skills
Knowledge

Q94 Military has been very instrumental in the global peacekeeping activities by creating the following enabling environment. Choose the incorrect option.
Peace processes
Negotiation
Conflict Analysis
Peacebuilding

Q95 In�?��?��?��?��?�.. year, congress approved a law that required schools to provide equal educational opportunities to both boys and girls
1962
1990
1972
1982

Q96 Fundamental (peace-pedagogical) learning objectives for teachers include all but one of the following. Identify the odd one.
competence
Subject knowledge
Attention motivation
Communication

Q97 All those institutions outside the control of the government or beyond undue public regulation is referred to as�?�.
Pressure group
Civil society
Public association
Political party

Q98 �?��?��?��?��?�..is considered a complementary measure to preventive diplomacy, peacemaking and peacekeeping
International policy
Agenda for peace
Security Council
Peacebuilding

Q99 When someone fights within himself it is called —— conflict
interpersonal
intrapersonal
endemic
systemic

Q100 Which programme aims at helping students understand the key concepts and principles of peace and non-violent human relations form local to international community levels.
Student-oriented programmes
Area-oriented programmes
Community oriented programmes
Content-oriented programmes

Q101 Which of the following is not a type of conflict?
Ideological Conflict
Environmental Conflict
Conflict Analysis
Balance of Power

Q102 When was the United Nations founded?
1945
1963
1948
1914

Q103 We have how many levels of leadership
2
4
3…ans
5

Q104 The track-two diplomacy consist of two groups from outside the government namely
State and local authority
Peace and conflict
Individual and organizations
Education and Training

Q105 The following are the elements of peace except �?��?��?��?��?�..
Tolerance
Violence
Love
Kindness

Q106 The classical form of a seminar, consisting above all of talks and discussions perhaps also of the study of texts handed out for purpose of preparation or follow �?? up work is known as
Information focus
Education focus
Methodological orientation
Holistic and dynamic approach

Q107 Peace education is targeted towards the empowerment of an individual and the promotion of social well �?? being through all but one of the following means. Identify the wrong option
Protection of human dignity
Promotion of social justice and equality
Discriminatory practices based on race and creed
Accepting of a dynamic global perspectiv

Q108 Knowledge, Attitudes and�?��?��?��?�…are the three peace-pedagogical dimensions.
Seriousness
Love
Honesty
Skills

Q109 In the context of peace research a new scientific discipline that focused on integrating education, research and action was developed through the work of which organization.
IAEWP
PEC
UNESCO
IPRA

Q110 Formal education is made of the following components Choose the irrelevant option
Student/teacher
Reformatory centre
Lecture room
Hard/soft learning materials

Q111 All these are different methods of in-service training except.
Information focus
Methodological orientation
Holistic and Dynamic approach
Objective approach

Q112 �?��?��?�..can also play a valuable role in helping to prevent the diversion or abuse of aid for political or military purpose.
Peacekeepers
Violent makers
The masses
Criminals

Q113 Who identified some elements to be found in a complete conflict prevention planning
Michael Lund
Gulf
John paul, Lederach
Lord Lugard

Q114 Which of the United Nations affiliated Agency is vested with the responsibility of promoting a culture of peace?
WHO
The Security Council
UNICEF
UNESCO

Q115 Which of the following is not a regional organization?
O.A.S
A.U
ECOWAS
W.H.O

Q116 When was the International Peace Research Association (IPRA) founded?
1970
1976
1964
1960

Q117 Who considered life, freedom and property as being the unchanging natural rights of people�?��?��?�…
Habeas Corpus
John Locke
John Smith
John James

Q118 Which of the following sources is not part of ways by which American children are exposed to prejudice thinking and behaviours?
Parents
The Media
The Government
Peer groups

Q119 Which of the following elements are involved in any conflict prevention planning?
Response identification
Conflict diagnoses
Implementation
All of the above

Q120 When was the “Agenda for Peace” introduced?
1990
1992
1987
2001

Q121 Title IX’ is a law passed in the United States of America in 1972 which forbids
Capital punishment
Act of Terrorism
Discrimination based on Gender in all ways
Suicide and Genocide

Q122 The primary institution in which children are socialized is ——–
The family
The school
The church
Peer group

Q123 The following are approaches parents can take that will help their children understand and appreciate racial cultural diversity except�?��?�..
Awareness of racial cues
Admit prejudice
Encourage sensitivity
Observe diversity

Q124 The alternative to peace is �?��?��?��?��?��?�.
War
Love
Endurance
Peace

Q125 Peace can be managed and sustained these following ways. Pick the incorrect one.
Education
Avoidance of vengeance
Compensation
Compromise

Q126 Kindness is one of the �?��?��?��?��?��?��?�..of peace.
Concept
Elements
Dimensions
Characteristics

Q127 In 1972 congress approved a law that required schools to provide equal educational opportunities to both boys and girls. This law is known ———
Title IX
Title XI
Title XII
Title VIII

Q128 Choose the option that is not part of means or way of managing peace
Compensation
Education
Avoidance
Avoidance of vengeance

Q129 All the above are elements of peace, which one is the exception.
Tolerance
Kindness
Love
Egocentruism

Q130 �?��?�.is seen as an indispensable factor in the nurturing and strengthening of democracy
Civil society
Military
Political class
Police

Q131 The ‘we’ and ‘them’ attitude is an example of ———-
prejudice
nationalism
respect
fear

Q132 An act or statement is judged racist or prejudiced if it is ——- or undermining
deifying
denigrating
developing
debating

Q133 All racial and ethnic groups have rich ——-
histories
people
family
future

Q134 Prejudice and racism give perpetrating children a false sense of security and ——–
bravery
superiority
justice
masculinity

Q135 Both racism and prejudice refer to an unfavorable attitude, feeling or behaviour based on myths and ——-
patterns
genders
genotype
stereotypes

Q136 Gurian concluded that biology, not —— created a gap between female and male
society
scholars
government
outlook

Q137 Pollack (1998) believes that nurture and an individual’s ——- have greater effect than nature on formation of gender differences
homes
school
environment
genes

Q138 American Congress approved a law that required schools to provide equal educational opportunities to both boys and girls in —–
1972
1937
1928
1827

Q139 The term ——– denotes the set of expectations imposed by society on girls and boys simply because they are females or males
mammal
gender
sex
man

Q140 The term —— to refer to individuals as biologically female or male
sex
homo sapien
human
genetics

Q141 There is dimension of�?��?��?��?��?��?�.. that refers to an educational climate
Peace education
Gender education
Community education
Area education

Q142 The mass murderers or other criminals that hide in refugee camps as in Eastern Zaire happened in which year?
1992
1993
1994
1995

Q143 The first peace education programmes were applied as early as the beginning of which century by educational reformers
19th Century
17th Century
18th Century
20th Century

Q144 Which of these provides information, input as well as methodological seminars but the aim is much more?
Methodological orientation
Holistic and dynamic approach acting on the habitus
Frame work
Information focus

Q145 One of the following is not among the types of skills that represent quality criteria for good teachers in the area of peace education. Identify it
Misperceived principles
Organisational and Management skills
Pedagogical and didactic skills
Subject

Q146 The —– is considered a complementary measure to preventive diplomacy, peacemaking and peacekeeping.
International policy
Agenda for peace
Security Council
Peacebuilding

Q147 How many experts have tried to find out why conflict occurs?
2
5
few
many

Q148 Among the elements of unity include the following except one pick out the odd option
Love
Desperation
Determination
Shared vision

Q149 �?��?��?��?��?��?��?��?��?�..is regarded as the highest decision making body of the United Nations.
League of Nations
Security Council
USA and USSR
Super power

Q150 ………….provides information input as well as methodological seminars
Seriousness
Love
Honesty
Skills

Q151 The Roman Catholic peace organization after the second world war was named ——
Pax Christi
Ja Christi
Roman Christi
Roman educational

Q152 World war 11 was between 1939 and ——-
1944
1945
1947
1950

Q153 New School Movement that brought profound changes in the theory and —- education in the 19th century
genre
reform
management
practice

Q154 ——-wrote about the link between universal knowledge (pansofia) and universal brotherhood
Plato
Rossuae
Comenius
Max

Q155 J.A. Comenius, one of the greatest philosophers and padagogues of the —– century Europe
19th
17th
16th
14th

Q156 Riot, fighting, violence and crisis are elements of ——–
conflict
democracy
dictatorship
learning

Q157 All these are basic elements of peace except ——–
love
kindness
envy
tolerance

Q158 Education is considered to be the process whereby individual�??s behaviour, attitude and —– changed
food
salary
perception
religion

Q159 The opposite of peace is —-
conflict
opposition,
scarcity
unionism

Q160 Peace a general condition where there is calm and —-
disquiet
order
merriment
party

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