PED221 TMA

Q1 Which of these data collecting instruments is most suitable in a large scale survey
interview
anecdoctal record
case history
questionnaire

Q2 Which of these describes the birth that results when fertilized ovum splits into two before cell multiplication
multiple birth
twin birth
identical twins
fraternal twins

Q3 Which one of these is a function of genes?
genes determine human behaviour
genes instruct chemicals that determine human behaviour
genes determine human misbehaviour
genes carry chromosomes

Q4 Every human cell contains 23 pairs of chromosomes except
bone marrow cells
red blood cells
white blood cells
germ cells

Q5 Heredity refers to
land inheritance
family relationship
trait transmission
cultural transmission

Q6 Which one of these is a social characteristic of adolescents
search for identity
occurence of menstral period
rapid physical growth
appearance of pubic hair

Q7 Which of these sex genotype belongs to a boy child
XX
XY
XXY
AB

Q8 Erik Erikson psychosoial stage of development called ‘Autonomy and Shame and doubt’ corresponds to which of these ages
6 months – 1 year
3-6 years
12-20 years
1-3 years

Q9 When an individual exhibits a convincing reason for doing something that is unacceptable, they are employing a defense called
mesmerization
projection
rationalization
aggression

Q10 Which one of these is a mental characteristic of adolescents?
hypothesis testing
egocentricism
conservation
assimilation

Q11 which of these describes the process by which the child interpretes new experience by incorporating it into its existing scheme
accommodation
equilibrium
assimilation
enculturation

Q12 Which of these Freudian personality structures operates on pleasure principle
the ego
the super ego
the id
the libido

Q13 Which of these ages corresponds to Freud’s genital stage of psychosexual development
12 -18 years
6 -12 years
18 months -3 years
3 -6 years

Q14 Which of these is typical of the experimental method
control of variable
indepth study
large sample
small sample

Q15 Which of these is not a developmental task of adolescents
economic independence
ego identity
developing life philosophy
eliminating body waste appropriately

Q16 A child first cries when hungry, then they indicate hunger by saying ”mummy food”, then later ”mummy i want tea”. This pattern illustrates the principle of
general to specific
individual difference
language development
developmental continuity

Q17 The superego operates on
pleasure principle
reality principle
both pleasure and reality priciples
none of the above

Q18 The observation that one 12-month old child takes the first step while another 12-month old child is unable to stand without support indicates
retardation
prococity
individual difference
abnormality

Q19 Which of these is not involved in development
maturation
learning
experience
maturity

Q20 Developmental psychology is concerned with the study of
economic development of the nation
educational development of the nation
changes in development from birth to death
all of the above

Q21 According to Piaget, the process by which a child combines existing schema into new and more complex cognitive structures is known as
organization
adaptation
assimilation
accommodation

Q22 When a child has three chromosomes at the 21st pair, the child exhibits an abnormality called
Down’s syndrome
Turner’s syndrome
Klinefelter’s syndrome
chromosomal syndrome

Q23 The boy child genotype for sex is described as XY. Which of these determines the sex of the child
the grandparents
the mother
the mother and the father
the father

Q24 Which of these explains the process of learning in social learning
direct reinforcement
abstract modeling
classical conditioning
radical behaviourism

Q25 Which of these is not an activity that a child in the concrete operational stage will perform?
hypothesizing
classifying
conservation
seriation

Q26 Which of these made it possible for the organism to learn in Skinner’s experiment
punishment
reinforcement
salivation
all of the above

Q27 Age appropriate task a child is expected to perform at specific stages of development is termed
cognitive task
developmental task
psychomotor task
socialization task

Q28 Which of these mental devices is an individual using when they reject the existence of reality
regression
rationalization
repression
denial

Q29 Which of these describes the mental device individuals use to protect themselves from distortion of reality
personality disorder
behaviour disorder
defense mechanism
defensive mechanism

Q30 Human development involves
quantitative changes only
qualitative changes only
changes in bodily dimensions only
quantitative and qualitative changes

Q31 Which of these is the number of chromosomes in a reproductive cell?
12 pairs
23 pairs
23 units
46 units

Q32 Which of these processes describes the division of germ cells to produce the sperm or the ovum
mitosis
meiosis
myopia
reproduction

Q33 The cephalocaudal law describes the
head-to-foot direction
centre-periphery direction
maturational direction
differentiation direction

Q34 Which principle of development describes the fact that every child has a unique rate of development
the priniciple of sequence
the priniciple of differentiation
the priniciple of continuity
the priniciple of individual difference

Q35 One major goal of child psychology is to identify how the child develops
economically
cognitively
school work
longitudinally

Q36 Which of these statements is correct?
in instrumental conditioning, the behaviour is emitted by the organism
in classical conditioning, the behaviour is emitted by the organism
in instrumental conditioning, the behaviour is elicited by the organism
in both instrumental and classical conditioning, the organism’s behaviour is the same

Q37 Which of these does not appropriately define what ‘growth’ means
increase in bodily dimensions
qualitative changes in bodily dimensions
quantitative changes in physical structure
quantitative changes in weight, height and size

Q38 This syndrome occurs as a result of inbalance in the distribution of X chromosomes
Down’s syndrome
Klinefelter’s syndrome
Tanner’s syndrome
Turner’s syndrome

Q39 Which of these is not a chromosomal disorder
Down’s syndrome
Klinefelter’s syndrome
Tanner’s syndrome
Turner’s syndrome

Q40 Hereditarians believe if a mother’s IQ is low
her chlidren’s IQ depends on the enviroment
her children will have low IQ
her children will have high IQ if they eat well
her children will have high IQ if they attend high class school

Q41 One of these is not associated with Bandura’s social learning theory
modeling
observational learning
vicarious learning
conditioning learning

Q42 Children suppress most of their infantile sexual feelings at one of these stages
genital stage
latency stage
oral stage
phallic stage

Q43 The conscience part of the mind is known as the
ego
id
conscience ego
super ego

Q44 Developmental task refers to
task that each child should accomplish at home
social expectations for each developmental stage
task that each child should accomplish at school
all of the above

Q45 Which of these describes the stage in psychosexual development when the pleasurable body zone is the anus
oral stage
anal stage
anus stage
phallic stage

Q46 Which of these describes the branch of psychology that is concerned with the study of changes in development from conception to death
conceptual psychology
chronological psychology
developmental psychology
human psychology

Q47 Which of the following is the major objective of psychology
to understand and predict behaviour
to shape behaviour of animals
to direct human behaviour
to examine human behaviour

Q48 Which of these best describes psychology?
the behaviour of human beings
the behaviour of animals
the science of human and animal behaviour
the understanding of human behaviour

Q49 Erik Eriksonâ??s â??initiative versus guiltâ?? stage of development occurs at
1-3 years
3-6 years
6-12 years
12-20 years

Q50 Skinner is to instrumental conditioning as Bandura is to
Operant conditioning
Theory of connectionism
Observational theory
Classical conditioning

Q51 Projection as a defense mechanism occurs when
An individual exhibits a convincing reason for doing something unacceptable
an individual protects himself from unpleasant reality by not perceiving its existence
An individual ascribes his unacceptable behaviour to others
An individual protects himself against recognizing aspect of his personality that he would find unacceptable by developing the opposite behaviour

Q52 Heredity refers to the biological transmission of traits from parents to offspring through
Maturation
Genes
Equilibration
Chromosomes

Q53 Which of these personalities is associated with the concept of developmental tasks
Havighust
Piaget
Sigmund Freud
Thorndike

Q54 Which of these provides the raw material for learning and orderly behaviour
Maturation
Development
Equilibration
Experience

Q55 Piaget identified four basic elements in development which include all of these except
Heredity
Equilibration
Maturation
Experience

Q56 the main difference between growth and development is that
While growth refers to quantitative changes development refers to both qualitative and quantitative changes
While growth refers to increase in size height and weight development is the progressive sequence of orderly changes
Both refer to changes and the processes are interrelated and interdependent on each
All of the above

Q57 which of these is not a concept mostly used in Developmental Psychology
Growth
Maturation
Curriculum
Curriculum

Q58 The field of human development is regarded as
Human genetics
Humanitology
Social development
Developmental psychology

Q59 At which stage of cognitive development does a child make use of hypothetico-deductive method of reasoning
concrete operational stage
formal operational stage
pre-operational stage
sensorimotor stage

Q60 One of these is not included in Piaget’s cognitive structure
behavioural schemata
intellectual schemata
operational schemata
symbolic schemata

Q61 At what stage of psychosexual development does Oedipus complex occur
Oral stage
Genital stage
Phallic stage
Latency stage

Q62 The focus of pleasurable body zone at the phallic stage of psychosexual development is at the
Mouth
Anus
Breast
Genitals

Q63 Which of these options is incorrect
Development proceeds from general to specific
There are variations in development such that some children follow orderly sequence others do not
there are growth spurts in development
Growth and development are continuous

Q64 Which of these personalities is associated with developmental task
Havighust
Piaget
Freud
Bandura

Q65 Identify the correct sequential order of psychosexual stages of human development: [a] Oral [b] Phallic [c] Anal [d] Genital [e] Latency
abcde
acbed
cabde
cdabe

Q66 The best method to study the physical emotional, mental language and social developmental characteristics of children is through
Longitudinal approach
Experimental approach
Cross-sectional approach
Observational approach

Q67 Heredity refers to the biological factors which contribute to the development of the individual through the process of what
Implantation
Individual differences
Cell division
Chromosomal division

Q68 The human has a pattern of development and these patterns form the basic principles of development
TRUE
FALSE
Unsure
None of the options

Q69 The raw material for learning is provided by
Development
Maturation
Environment
Hereditary

Q70 Which of these is the correct option regarding growth and development
Both terms mean the same thing and go hand in hand
Both terms are used together to mean the same thing
Both terms have different meaning though used interchangeably
Growth refers to changes while development does not

Q71 Which of the following terms is not associated with social learning theory
Vicarious learning
Imitation
Observational learning
Positive reinforcement

Q72 Which of these statements is correct
In instrumental conditioning the behaviour is emitted while in classical; conditioning it is elicited
In instrumental conditioning the behaviour is elicited while in classical conditioning it is emitted
In both instrumental and classical conditioning behaviour emitted
In neither of the conditioning systems is behaviour emitted or elicited

Q73 Select the correct option
The id, the ego, the superego appear simultaneously
The ego appears before the id
The id appears, then superego before the ego
The id Appears followed by ego then the super ego

Q74 The id is known as the
Pleasure Principle
Reality Principle
Conscience principle
a and b

Q75 The Modern stand on nature-nurture controversy is that
Heredity interacts with environment to produce behaviors
Heredity alone determines behaviors
Environment alone determines behaviour
Behaviour is determined by other multiple causes and not hereditary nor environment

Q76 According to environmentalist
If your father is a genius, you are automatically a genius
If your father is a genius, you may or may not be a genius
If your father is a genius, the same hereditary traits are transmitted to you
Only a and c are correct

Q77 In addition to nature-nurture controversy, other areas debated have been all of these expect
Heredity vs environment
Maturation vs learning
Innate vs acquired traits
Proximodistal vs cephalocaudal

Q78 Which of these is incorrect about ego defense mechanisms
They are activated when an individual confronts serious anxiety and emotional conflict
They are mental devices used by individuals to protect themselves from distortion of reality
They are used to protect the id that children develop as part of personality development
They are used to protect the ego that children develop as part of personality development

Q79 The custodian of the rules and values of environment is known as
Super ego
Ego
Parent
Teacher

Q80 Two concepts associated with the law of the development direction are
Right and left directional development
Horizontal and vertical directional development
Proximodistal and cephalocaudal directional development
Head to foot directional development

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