PUL242 TMA

 

Q1 An injunction may be mandatory or prohibitory.
true
false
UNSURE
NONE OF THE ABOVE.

Q2 What is the meaning of the latin word uberrima fides?
right
you shall have the body
utmost good faith
all of the above

Q3 An injunction will not be granted to protect vested legal rights.
true
false
UNSURE
NONE OF THE ABOVE.

Q4 Until the case of A-G. of Bendel State v A-G of the Federation & Ors., it was not clear if an injunction could issue against an officer of the government acting as agent of the government.
true
false
UNSURE
ALL OF THE ABOVE

Q5 An applicant who wants judicial review must make his application for any of the relief??s after five years.
true
false
UNSURE
NONE OF THE ABOVE.

Q6 In an interlocutory injunction, the courts have consistently stated that the balance of convenience is not an important element in the consideration of whether to grant the order or not.
true
false
UNSURE
NONE OF THE ABOVE.

Q7 Before an applicant for judicial review can succeed in invoking mandamus there must not be an imperative public duty imposed on someone and not just a discretionary power to act
true
false
UNSURE
NONE OF THE ABOVE.

Q8 The main characteristic of certiorari is that it issues because of the need to control the machinery of justice in the interest of the general public.
true
false
UNSURE
NONE OF THE ABOVE.

Q9 __________ is an order of the court which restrains a person from pursuing a specific course of action or which compels such a person to do an act which he would not otherwise have done voluntarily.
Judicial Review
Habeas Corpus
Grant of Remedy
An injunction

Q10 The African charter was adopted in ________ by the then organization of African Unity (OAU).
1986
1981
1978
1952

Q11 The following are reasons for establishing an Ombudsman except _________
Provision of good remuneration that the personal would be less susceptible to corrupt influence.
Litigation is often slow, cumbersome, complex, costly and frightening to the average person.
The need to make persons aggrieved by official conduct to know that someone cares.
The need to ensure the full protection of the civil rights and liberties of the people.

Q12 The following are the methods of making a complain except ________
Delivery of report by post
Delivery of report by hand
A and B
NONE OF THE ABOVE.

Q13 Before an applicant for judicial review can succeed in invoking certiorari, there must be an imperative public duty imposed on someone.
true
false
UNSURE
NONE OF THE ABOVE.

Q14 The above are the problems of the enforcement of human rights except?
Commitment to Rule of Law
Suspension of Constitution
Stable Government
Judicial Precedent

Q15 ______________denotes a legal capacity to institute proceedings in a court of Law or a right of a party to be heard on the question before the tribunal.
Res Judicata
locus standi
Jus
Habeas Corpus

Q16 _________ is a body which gives citizens safeguards against maladministration by investigating and pursuing general claims of an aggrieved party with the relevant public or administrative authority,with a view to finding solutions to the issues raised.
Retroactivity
Ouster Clauses
Ombudman
Ombudsman

Q17 The National Human Rights Commission was established in _____
1998
1995
2008
2005

Q18 What is the meaning of the latin word Res Judicata?
a final decision of a court or tribunal inconclusive of the matter between the parties
a final decision pronounced by a competent a court or tribunal, which is not subject to appeal conclusive of the matter between the parties
a legal capacity to institute proceedings in a court of Law or a right of a party to be heard on the question before the tribunal
a right of a party to be heard on a question before the tribunal

Q19 Before a court of law can entertain a matter and do justice therein the matter must be justable.
true
false
unsure
none of the options

Q20 The case of Mustafa v Monguno LGC (1987)3 NWLR pt 62. 663CA is an authority on ____.
right of appeal
right of action
notice of appeal
pre-action notice

Q21 To recreate the human fabric and to provide it with a structure under which it can dwell in peace, safety, and freedom is _____ .
sovereign immunity
Sovereign Remedy
sovereignty
none of the options

Q22 In the ECHR, Article 4 concerns the ___________
Prohibition of slavery and forced Labour
prohibition of discrimination
unsure
none of the above

Q23  The case of Col. Rotimi v Macgregor (1974) All NLR 828 SC. Is an authority on ____ .
death of a plaintiff
statute of limitation
immunity from liability
locus standi

Q24 Lord Hoff said in ____ that: ??if the plaintiff has a right he must of necessity have the means to vindicate it, and a remedy, it is a vain thing to imagine a right without a remedy for want of right and remedy are reciprocal?.
Col. Rotimi v Macgregor (1974) All NLR 828 SC.
Badejo v Federal Ministry of Education (1996) 8 NWLR (pt 464)
Yebugbe v COP (1992) 4 NWLR (pt 234) 152.
Ashly v White (1703)1 ER 417

Q25 ____ characterises the modern Political condition: The inherently violent nature of the state that can both deprive and grant citizens right.
convention
treaty
the refugee
none of the above

Q26 The European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment was established in ____ .
1988
1978
1998
1898

Q27 The case of Lamina v Ikeja LGC (1993)8 NWLR (pt 314) p. 758. CA. is an authority on ____ .
death of a plaintiff
statute of limitation
immunity clause
locus standi

Q28   The central government abolished the southern autonomous region and made the shariah (Islamic law) the law of the land in _____ .
1980
1978
1981
1983

Q29 _____ means that a final decision pronounced by a competent court or tribunal, which is not subject to appeal, is conclusive of the matter between the parties.
jurisdiction
sub judit
res judicata
none of the above

Q30 Trinidad and Tobago denounced the American convention on HR on
28th March, 1991
26th May, 1998
20th June, 1992
13th February, 1986

Q31 The objectives of the pan- American union were _____
To achieve unity amongst the north American and loatin American states
Economic co �?? operation and settlement of dispute between nations
To reorganize the terms of their union and promulgate the protection of human rights
none of the above

Q32 Where a law contains an ouster clause, the only thing left for the court to do is to declare that it has jurisdiction to entertain such matters.
true
false
unsure
none of the options

Q33 The problem of Locus Standi in public law is very much intertwined with the concept of the role of the judiciary in the process of government.
true
false
unsure
none of the options

Q34 The convention relating to the status of Refugees was adopted by the UN in the year 1951.
true
false
unsure
none of the options

Q35 Which of the conventions placed duties on signatories to accept refugees and prohibits their expulsion?
The 1951 convention
The 1967 convention
The 1938 convention
The 1933 convention

Q36 The full meaning of UNRRA is ____.
United Nations Rehabilitation and Relief Agency.
United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Agreement.
United Nations Rehabilitation and Relief Agreement.
United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Agency.

Q37 The acronym ECSR stands for ____
European Committee of Security Rights
European Committee of Secular Rights
European Committee of Social Rights
none of the options

Q38 The Commissioner??s mandate extends only over education in human rights awareness.
true
false
unsure
none of the options

Q39 The Office of the Commissioner for Human Rights exists as a dependent institution within the Council of Europe.
true
false
unsure
none of the options

Q40 The objectives of the Council of the European Union are to co-ordinate the economic policies of member states.
true
false
unsure
none of the options

Q41 The Treaty of Rome does contain rights that could be seen as human rights.
false
true
unsure
none of the options

Q42 The Treaty of Rome of the year ___ provides the basic framework of the common market.
1977
1957
1967
1947

Q43 The ____ is essentially a common market.
Western Union
Eastern Union
European Union
Eorupean Union

Q44 The European Union was founded in the year 1982 by the Treaty on European Union. It was formerly known as the European Community.
true
false
unsure
none of the options

Q45 The foundation of the ECHR lay in the movement for European reconstruction and the attempts to create a lasting peace after the First World War.
false
true
unsure
none of the options

Q46 The European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights [ECHR] included social and economic rights.
false
true
unsure
none of the options

Q47 The European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights held states accountable to some superior court in respect of actions against their own citizens.
true
false
unsure
none of the options

Q48 Previous international courts and tribunals were constituted solely to settle disputes between States.
false
true
unsure
none of the options

Q49 ____ hope for a ??United States of Europe?? suggested a need to bring European nations together.
Hoffman’s
Williams Hill’s
Clinton’s
Churchill�??s

Q50 The European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights was signed into law in ____.
Italy
Spain
Rome
Russia

Q51 In what year was the Council of Europe was created?
1849
1949
1649
1959

Q52 In _____ delegates from numerous European countries attended The Hague Conference.
June 1948
June 1988
May 1948
May 1988

Q53 The foundations of the new Europe were to unfounded in a spirit of economic co-operation and mutual subjugation for human rights.
true
false
unsure
none of the options

Q54 In 1949 Europe was in ruins at the end of the ____ World War.
First
Second
Third
Fourth

Q55 The Northern and _____ protectorates were amalgamated in 1914.
Eastern
Western
Southern
Mid-West

Q56 The national question refers to how to structure the Nigeria Federation to acknowledge and guarantee identity and national rights within the context of a true framework.
authoritarian
democrat
autocratic
democratic

Q57 Independence is not the only outcome of self-determination.
true
false
unsure
none of the options

Q58 There are different degrees of self-determination.
true
false
unsure
none of the options

Q59 The right to self-determination is not recognised under international law.
true
false
unsure
none of the options

Q60 The right to self-determination can be categorised into the _____ generation right.
first
second
third
fourth

Q61 Self ____ is defined as the determination of one??s act or state by oneself without external compulsion.
extermination
examination
discrimination
determination

Q62 There are less than 250 ethnic groups in Nigeria.
False
True
Unsure
None of the Options

Q63 The family is always the source of the problem of child abuse and oppression.
False
True
Unsure
none of the Options

Q64 The Convention on the Rights of Women is the most widely adopted of international human rights instruments.
False
True
Unsure
None of the Options

Q65 The rights of underaged Children are also human rights.
TRUE
False
Unsure
none of the Options

Q66 Customary law derives from custom and _____ .
procedure
power
practice
principles

Q67 If a nation is able to improve the opportunities open to women, there are other positive consequences.
TRUE
False
Unsure
None of the Options

Q68 Developed nations have passed laws and taken policy initiatives to end discrimination against women.
False
True
Unsure
None of the Options

Q69 Gender equality often deprives women of the ability to refuse risky practices.
TRUE
False
Unsure
None of the Options

Q70 _____ are also active in linking women??s rights to the eradication of poverty.
Fernimists
Feminists
Femists
Femisism

Q71 The inter-linked nature of all human rights, was affirmed by the ____ World Conference.
1993 Austria
1983 Venna
1993 Vienna
1993 Vietnam

Q72 The rights of Women are separate and distinct from human rights.
TRUE
False
Unsure
None of the Options

Q73 The concept of ____, historically was a privilege of sovereign states.
azizes
assize
asylum
human rights

Q74 Tuitt argues that the status of the refugee provides an insight into the nature of _____.
Justice
Just rights
human rights
Natural rights

Q75 ____ law is a complex and ever-changing body of doctrine and principles.
Refuse
Refugee
Refuge
Refugy

Q76 The number of countries in southwest Asia that host twice as many refugees as do all the countries of Western Europe combined are ____?
3
5
2
1

Q77 A refugee is a person who has had to leave the country of his or her birth or _____.
domicillary
refuge
domicile
dormisile

Q78 CEDAW was adopted in the year ____ ?
1979
1989
1999
1879

Q79 The Commission on the Status of Women was established in ____ ?
1959
1956
1957
1946

Q80 The acronym CEDAW means what?
The Conference on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women
The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Derogation Against Women
The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women
The Convention on the Enforcement of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women

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