PUL303 TMA

 

Q1 The Convention on the control of Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal is
The Kyoto Convention
The Basel Conventon
The Kyoto Protocol
The Bamako Convention

Q2 Which article in the African Charter impose clear obligation on the State to take reasonable measures to prevent pollution and ecological degraation?
Article 24
Article 23
Article 16
Article 14

Q3 In the case of SERAC v. Nigeria, the communication alleged violation of
Articles 23 & 24 of the African Charter
Articles 2,4,16, and 24 of the African Charter
Articles 2,4,14,16,23,24 of the African charter
Articles 2,4,14,16, 18, 21 and 24 of the African Charter

Q4 The provision relating to right to environment under the India Constitution is
Section 48
Section 48A
Section 48(a)
Section 48:A

Q5 Under the Korean Constitution, right to environment is in
Section 35 of the Constitution
Section 36 of the Constitution
Section 36© of the Constitution
Section 34 (c ) of the Constitution

Q6 The crux of the suit in Ogoniland and Maya indigenous community of Toledo District v. Belize is that
the state violated the right of Maya indigens when it permitted unhindered environmental destruction of their land
the state violated the right to environment when it constructed a highway which brought chronic diseases to the indigenes
when the state failed to engage in meaningful consultation with the logging and oil concession giving rise to negative environnmental effects
All of the above

Q7 The right to a satisfactory environment and the issue of development is linked through
Article 12
Preamble to the African Charter
Article 24
Article 23 and 24

Q8 The African Charter links the right to a satisfactory environment to
sustainability
environment
development
environmenl degradation

Q9 A fallout of the UN conference on Human Environment is
Declaration of human rights
the production of the Framework for Environmental Action
Stating the need to preserve the environment for development
Realising the interaction between the environment and health

Q10 The1972 United Nations Conference on the Human Environment was held in
Sweden
Europe
United States
United Arab Emirates

Q11 The United Nations Conference on the Human Environment is remarkable because
it is the UN’s first major conference on international environmental issues
it marked the turning point in the development of international environmental politics
it establishes environmental issues as human rights
All of th above

Q12 One of these is an effect of a decree of judicial separation
Neither of the party can be in desertion while the decree is in force
The decree relieves the petitioner from obligation of cohabiting
Where the husband has intercourse with the wife during the period may be guilty of rape
All of the above

Q13 One of these is not an environmental impacting Act
Petroleum Products (Uniform Retail Prices) Order 1986
Crude Oil (Transportation and Shipment) Regulations 1984
Mineral Oils (Safety) Regulations 1997
Oil in Navigable Waters Act

Q14 The crux of the suit in NOSDRA v. Chevron is on
Section 12 (2) on powers of the NOSDRA Act to sanction
Section 8(2) on powers of the Agency to sanction defaulters for failure of polluter to impact site to ll pratital extent including remediation
Section 6 (2) on power of the Agnecy to sanction defaulters for each day of failure to report within time
All of the above

Q15 The majo objective of the National Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency Act 2006 is
the provision for thecreation of the agency to regulate the oil industry
the Act establishes a viable national operational organization in charge of safety and appropriate response
ensuring the need for international researches and interaction to ensure preparedness
Undertake timely surveillance and compliance with reports

Q16 Sanction imposed under the Oil Pollution Act include
Administrative
Criminal
Civil
All of the Options

Q17 An outstanding feature of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 is
the provision of compensation for victims of oil spillage
provision of phase out time for old existing tankers
imposing responsibility of oil spills on polluters
All of the above

Q18 What incident necessitated the passage of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990
The Shell Oil Spill 1987
The Texas Oil Spill 1987
The Valdez Oil Spill
The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill

Q19 One of the ways in which oil spills affect the environment is
destruction of marine, soil air and water ways
destruction of crops, damage of quality and productivity of soild, fisheries, loss of confidence in the State’s ability to protect its citizenry
Land and water pollution, inability to plant crops, death of marine
Economic loss

Q20 A major cause of oill spills in the Niger Delta area of Nigeria is a result of
Sabotage, Vandalism of oil infrastructure, corrosive pipes,
Pipeline corrosions, carelessness of workers, sabotage, vandalism
Poor maintenance, equipment failure, sabotage and theft
Sabotage, economic issues, ethnic clashes

Q21 The provision of the 1999 Constitution relating to the environment is
Section 12
Section 20
Section 33
Section 215

Q22 A vital issue to prove in nuisance is
unreasonableness
unnatural use of land
escape of materials from adjourning land
All of the above

Q23 The people of Kokori land in 1959 decided to bring an action on public nuisance against PPP Limited for demolishing the link bridge, the only access road linking Kokori land to the big city. Brarrister Ogbewe, filed an action at the Federal High Court. What is the likely outcome of this suit?
He will succeed because it constitutes nuisance
He will not succeed because he should seek the consent of the AG of the Federation or the State
He will succeed because he does not require the consent of the AG Federation or state to institute an action
He will not succeed because nuisance must be continous

Q24 The Koko Waste dump is a good example of
public nuisance
private nuisance
intereference
pollution

Q25 Ade is fond of animals, so he studied animal husbandry in his college. After school, he bought a house in exclusive residential G.R.A where he lives with his family. He also set up a small poultry consisting of 50 birds, 10 pigs, 4goats and countless turkeys. he cleans it every morning so that the offensive odour is reduced. However, his neighbours are continously disturbed by the odour and bleating animals. What is the likely action you will bring?
Negligence
interference
Nuisance
Public nuisance

Q26 An unlawful intereference with the claimant’s use or enjoyment of land best describes
nuisance
interference
public nuisance
private nuisance

Q27 One of these international conventions relate to the freedom of fishing
Convention on the Prevention of marine Pollution by Dumping of Waste and other Matters 1972
Convention on the Continental Shelf 1958
The Conventon on the High Sea 1958
United Nations Conference on Desertification (UNCOD)

Q28 Which of these legislations does not relate to the environment?
The Animal Diseases Control Act
Exclusive Economic Zone
Quarantine Act
Law of the Sea

Q29 Which of these Acts specifically deal with the all important area of land utilization and siting of industries?
Federal Environmental Protection Agency Decree 1958
Federal Environmental Protection Agency (FEPA) Decree 1988
National Environmental Standards and Regulatins Enforcement Agency (Establishment) Act 2007
Environmental Impact Assessment Act

Q30 Gadamin, an oil magnate from the Federal Republic of Kalakuta, deposited waste at the backyard of Nonso, a citizen of Nigeria. Nonso has come to you for advise on the proper laws applicable, especially as he desires a penal sanction. Which of the laws enacted in Nigeria will you likely use?
Federal Environmental Protection Agency Decree 1958
The Harmful Waste (Special Criminal Provision etc) Act 1988
Federal Environmental Protection Agency (FEPA) Decree 1988
All of the above

Q31 One of these laws is the major federal body charged with the protection of Nigeria’s environment
FEPA
LAWMA
NESREA
NIMASA

Q32 Which of these laws was enacted following the Koko Waste dumping in Nigeria?
Environmental Impact Assessment Act of 1992
National Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency (Establishment)
Federal Environmental Protection Agency (FEPA) Decree 1988
National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (Establishment) Act

Q33 One these cases decided that oil spillage is within the exclusive jurisdiction of the Federal High Court, to the exclusion of all other courts
Isaiah v. Shell Petroleum Company of Nigeria Limited
Ogiale v. S.P.D.C
Adediran v. Interland Transport ltd
Briade v. Adoki

Q34 Which of these cases did the court hold that the consent of the Attorney General is not a sine qua non for the competence of action in public nuisance?
A.G Ondo v. A.G Federation
Adediran v. Interland Transport Ltd
Braide v. Adoki
Fawehinmi v. Federal Republic of Nigeria

Q35 A consequence of section 20 of the 1999 Constitution is that
States shall protect improve and sustain the environment
States shall control and observe direct its policy towards the control of maritime resources of the community to observe the common good
states shall control the exploitation of natural resurces and protection of the environment
All of the above

Q36 Which of these options best describe the term ‘environment’?
Water, air and land a nd the inter-relatinships which exists among and between wate, air, and land and human beings and other living things, plants, micor-organisms
water, air and land and the inter-relationship which exists among and between water, air and land, and human beings , other living creatures
water, air and land and the itner-relationship which exists among and between water, air and land ,and human beings, other living creatures
water, air and land and the itner-relationship which exists among and between water, air and land and human beings, other living creaturs, plants.

Q37 One of these laws is an attempt of the Nigerian state to develop protective legal regime for the environment rather than a mere compensation stance
Federal Environmental Protection Agency Decree 1958
Federal Environmental Protection Agency (FEPA)
The Stockholm Declaration of 1972
The Environmental Sanitation Laws of various states in Nigeria

Q38 One of these laws is an attempt of the law to regulate the natural and manmade environment
Lagos State Waste Management Authority Law
Federal Environmental Protection Agency Decree 1988 No 58
1972 Stockholm Conference on Environment
All of the above

Q39 The decision in the case of Akpan v. Akpan (Suit No WD/12/67 (Unreported), Lagos, 27, July 1968 is to the effect that
An author has opined that environmental law is incapable of repealing the rain and the wind neither can it repeal the law of ecology. This means that
The law is inadequate and very incapable of regulating the environment
Law is not capable of controlling the forces of interaction of the environment
Law is the instrument which regulates the biophysical and natural environment

Q40 The study of environmental law is a study that encompasses
environmental pollution and its control
laws relating to waste management
protection of natural planetary health and manmade surroundings
All of the above

Q41 The first state in Nigeria to enact laws prohibiting toxic dumping is
Lagos
Abuja
Abia
Rivers State

Q42 Which event made it crystal clear that Africa is now the dump site in the world?
The Koko dump incident
The 1998 oil spillage
The italy dumping in Cameron
None of the Options

Q43 One of these is not an effect of toxic waste
chronic disease
air pollution
water pollution
None of the Options

Q44 Oil spillage occurred in Warri. Makoko indigens has brought an action against the Warri spillage. Will they succeed?
Yes they will
No they will not
Partially
I do not know

Q45 One of these is not a source of toxic waste
electronic waste
felling of trees
use of cooking gas in the kitchen
ink sludge

Q46 One of these is a source of toxic waste
Mama’s cooking with firewood outside
LCC Printing Press
Sisi Pelebe’s perfume
All of the above

Q47 Does e-waste constitute harmful substance within the definition of Harmful Waste (Special Criminal Provisions ) Act ?
Yes it does
No it does not
Partially
I do not know

Q48 Lagbaja brought an action against 10digit GSM company for installing a communication mast beside his house. Do you think he will succeed?
Yes he will
No he will not
GSM mast is safe as long as within a safe distance
I do not know

Q49 Does exhaust from a diesel tanker mean toxic within the definition of the Basel Convention?
Yes it does
No it does not
It is not within the contemplation of the Basel Convention
I do not know

Q50 The social art that has as its purpose the proper arragnement of the physical facilities of our urban environment can be called
town planning
Town Planning control
Urban design
Industrialization

Q51 What was Lawrence Atsegbua’s opinion on how to improve urban design in Africa
Adequate standard of density
mature philosophy of contemporary aesthetic considerations be developed
preparation of three-dimensional plans in consideratino of over-all development plan
All of the above

Q52 A major challenge with Nigerian Policy on the environment is
Lack of penal sanctions
lack of enforcement agencies
Lack of political will
lack of adequate laws

Q53 One of these problems should not be associated with non-compliance and enforcement of environmental laws
Lack of qualified workforce
missapropriation of ecological funds
Lack of political will
ignorance of the law

Q54 Which of these options would you attribute the incessant building collapse in Lagos ?
Plot ratio
Lighting
Facades
Quality and quantity of materials used

Q55 A very unique problem in Africa relates to the socio-cultural impact on the environment
True
False
Not entirely true
I do not know

Q56 The aim of the Town Planning Controls is
checking for land grabbers
ensuring that land is used for the common good
checking for quacks who build substandard houses
All of the Options

Q57 In improving urban design in Africa, there are some essentials namely
adequate standards of density, land use and utility services
adequate standards, technology and population growth
adequate standard of living, density, and land use
adequate standard of density, land use and public services

Q58 Where there is development, this would have effect on the population in one of these ways
Environmental chasm
Low life expectancy
Population blast
All of the above

Q59 Which one of these options is not a consequence of development?
Loss of biodiversity
destruction of ecosystems
industralization
Climate change

Q60 ?��?..is the carrying out of building, engineering, mining, or other operations in, on, over or under land or the making of any material change in the use of buildings or other land
Development
Infrastructure
Industralization
Urbanization

Q61 The provision of the 1999 Constitution relating to the environment is
Section 12
Section 20
Section 33
Section 215

Q62 A vital issue to prove in nuisance is
unreasonableness
unnatural use of land
escape of materials from adjourning land
All of the above

Q63 The people of Kokori land in 1959 decided to bring an action on public nuisance against PPP Limited for demolishing the link bridge, the only access road linking Kokori land to the big city. Brarrister Ogbewe, filed an action at the Federal High Court. What is the likely outcome of this suit?
He will succeed because it constitutes nuisance
He will not succeed because he should seek the consent of the AG of the Federation or the State
He will succeed because he does not require the consent of the AG Federation or state to institute an action
He will not succeed because nuisance must be continous

Q64 The Koko Waste dump is a good example of
public nuisance
private nuisance
intereference
pollution

Q65 Ade is fond of animals, so he studied animal husbandry in his college. After school, he bought a house in exclusive residential G.R.A where he lives with his family. He also set up a small poultry consisting of 50 birds, 10 pigs, 4goats and countless turkeys. he cleans it every morning so that the offensive odour is reduced. However, his neighbours are continously disturbed by the odour and bleating animals. What is the likely action you will bring?
Negligence
interference
Nuisance
Public nuisance

Q66 An unlawful intereference with the claimant’s use or enjoyment of land best describes
nuisance
interference
public nuisance
private nuisance

Q67 One of these international conventions relate to the freedom of fishing
Convention on the Prevention of marine Pollution by Dumping of Waste and other Matters 1972
Convention on the Continental Shelf 1958
The Conventon on the High Sea 1958
United Nations Conference on Desertification (UNCOD)

Q68 Which of these legislations does not relate to the environment?
The Animal Diseases Control Act
Exclusive Economic Zone
Quarantine Act
Law of the Sea

Q69 Which of these Acts specifically deal with the all important area of land utilization and siting of industries?
Federal Environmental Protection Agency Decree 1958
Federal Environmental Protection Agency (FEPA) Decree 1988
National Environmental Standards and Regulatins Enforcement Agency (Establishment) Act 2007
Environmental Impact Assessment Act

Q70 Gadamin, an oil magnate from the Federal Republic of Kalakuta, deposited waste at the backyard of Nonso, a citizen of Nigeria. Nonso has come to you for advise on the proper laws applicable, especially as he desires a penal sanction. Which of the laws enacted in Nigeria will you likely use?
Federal Environmental Protection Agency Decree 1958
The Harmful Waste (Special Criminal Provision etc) Act 1988
Federal Environmental Protection Agency (FEPA) Decree 1988
All of the above

Q71 One of these laws is the major federal body charged with the protection of Nigeria’s environment
FEPA
LAWMA
NESREA
NIMASA

Q72 Which of these laws was enacted following the Koko Waste dumping in Nigeria?
Environmental Impact Assessment Act of 1992
National Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency (Establishment)
Federal Environmental Protection Agency (FEPA) Decree 1988
National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (Establishment) Act

Q73 One these cases decided that oil spillage is within the exclusive jurisdiction of the Federal High Court, to the exclusion of all other courts
Isaiah v. Shell Petroleum Company of Nigeria Limited
Ogiale v. S.P.D.C
Adediran v. Interland Transport ltd
Briade v. Adoki

Q74 Which of these cases did the court hold that the consent of the Attorney General is not a sine qua non for the competence of action in public nuisance?
A.G Ondo v. A.G Federation
Adediran v. Interland Transport Ltd
Braide v. Adoki
Fawehinmi v. Federal Republic of Nigeria

Q75 A consequence of section 20 of the 1999 Constitution is that
States shall protect improve and sustain the environment
States shall control and observe direct its policy towards the control of maritime resources of the community to observe the common good
states shall control the exploitation of natural resurces and protection of the environment
All of the above

Q76 Which of these options best describe the term ‘environment’?
Water, air and land a nd the inter-relatinships which exists among and between wate, air, and land and human beings and other living things, plants, micor-organisms
water, air and land and the inter-relationship which exists among and between water, air and land, and human beings , other living creatures
water, air and land and the itner-relationship which exists among and between water, air and land ,and human beings, other living creatures
water, air and land and the itner-relationship which exists among and between water, air and land and human beings, other living creaturs, plants.

Q77 One of these laws is an attempt of the Nigerian state to develop protective legal regime for the environment rather than a mere compensation stance
Federal Environmental Protection Agency Decree 1958
Federal Environmental Protection Agency (FEPA)
The Stockholm Declaration of 1972
The Environmental Sanitation Laws of various states in Nigeria

Q78 One of these laws is an attempt of the law to regulate the natural and manmade environment
Lagos State Waste Management Authority Law
Federal Environmental Protection Agency Decree 1988 No 58
1972 Stockholm Conference on Environment
All of the above

Q79 The decision in the case of Akpan v. Akpan (Suit No WD/12/67 (Unreported), Lagos, 27, July 1968 is to the effect that
An author has opined that environmental law is incapable of repealing the rain and the wind neither can it repeal the law of ecology. This means that
The law is inadequate and very incapable of regulating the environment
Law is not capable of controlling the forces of interaction of the environment
Law is the instrument which regulates the biophysical and natural environment

Q80 The study of environmental law is a study that encompasses
environmental pollution and its control
laws relating to waste management
protection of natural planetary health and manmade surroundings
All of the above

Q81 The provision of the 1999 Constitution relating to the environment is
Section 12
Section 20
Section 33
Section 215

Q82 A vital issue to prove in nuisance is
unreasonableness
unnatural use of land
escape of materials from adjourning land
All of the above

Q83 The people of Kokori land in 1959 decided to bring an action on public nuisance against PPP Limited for demolishing the link bridge, the only access road linking Kokori land to the big city. Brarrister Ogbewe, filed an action at the Federal High Court. What is the likely outcome of this suit?
He will succeed because it constitutes nuisance
He will not succeed because he should seek the consent of the AG of the Federation or the State
He will succeed because he does not require the consent of the AG Federation or state to institute an action
He will not succeed because nuisance must be continous

Q84 The Koko Waste dump is a good example of
public nuisance
private nuisance
intereference
pollution

Q85 Ade is fond of animals, so he studied animal husbandry in his college. After school, he bought a house in exclusive residential G.R.A where he lives with his family. He also set up a small poultry consisting of 50 birds, 10 pigs, 4goats and countless turkeys. he cleans it every morning so that the offensive odour is reduced. However, his neighbours are continously disturbed by the odour and bleating animals. What is the likely action you will bring?
Negligence
interference
Nuisance
Public nuisance

Q86 An unlawful intereference with the claimant’s use or enjoyment of land best describes
nuisance
interference
public nuisance
private nuisance

Q87 One of these international conventions relate to the freedom of fishing
Convention on the Prevention of marine Pollution by Dumping of Waste and other Matters 1972
Convention on the Continental Shelf 1958
The Conventon on the High Sea 1958
United Nations Conference on Desertification (UNCOD)

Q88 Which of these legislations does not relate to the environment?
The Animal Diseases Control Act
Exclusive Economic Zone
Quarantine Act
Law of the Sea

Q89 Which of these Acts specifically deal with the all important area of land utilization and siting of industries?
Federal Environmental Protection Agency Decree 1958
Federal Environmental Protection Agency (FEPA) Decree 1988
National Environmental Standards and Regulatins Enforcement Agency (Establishment) Act 2007
Environmental Impact Assessment Act

Q90 Gadamin, an oil magnate from the Federal Republic of Kalakuta, deposited waste at the backyard of Nonso, a citizen of Nigeria. Nonso has come to you for advise on the proper laws applicable, especially as he desires a penal sanction. Which of the laws enacted in Nigeria will you likely use?
Federal Environmental Protection Agency Decree 1958
The Harmful Waste (Special Criminal Provision etc) Act 1988
Federal Environmental Protection Agency (FEPA) Decree 1988
All of the above

Q91 One of these laws is the major federal body charged with the protection of Nigeria’s environment
FEPA
LAWMA
NESREA
NIMASA

Q92 Which of these laws was enacted following the Koko Waste dumping in Nigeria?
Environmental Impact Assessment Act of 1992
National Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency (Establishment)
Federal Environmental Protection Agency (FEPA) Decree 1988
National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (Establishment) Act

Q93 One these cases decided that oil spillage is within the exclusive jurisdiction of the Federal High Court, to the exclusion of all other courts
Isaiah v. Shell Petroleum Company of Nigeria Limited
Ogiale v. S.P.D.C
Adediran v. Interland Transport ltd
Briade v. Adoki

Q94 Which of these cases did the court hold that the consent of the Attorney General is not a sine qua non for the competence of action in public nuisance?
A.G Ondo v. A.G Federation
Adediran v. Interland Transport Ltd
Braide v. Adoki
Fawehinmi v. Federal Republic of Nigeria

Q95 A consequence of section 20 of the 1999 Constitution is that
States shall protect improve and sustain the environment
States shall control and observe direct its policy towards the control of maritime resources of the community to observe the common good
states shall control the exploitation of natural resurces and protection of the environment
All of the above

Q96 Which of these options best describe the term ‘environment’?
Water, air and land a nd the inter-relatinships which exists among and between wate, air, and land and human beings and other living things, plants, micor-organisms
water, air and land and the inter-relationship which exists among and between water, air and land, and human beings , other living creatures
water, air and land and the itner-relationship which exists among and between water, air and land ,and human beings, other living creatures
water, air and land and the itner-relationship which exists among and between water, air and land and human beings, other living creaturs, plants.

Q97 One of these laws is an attempt of the Nigerian state to develop protective legal regime for the environment rather than a mere compensation stance
Federal Environmental Protection Agency Decree 1958
Federal Environmental Protection Agency (FEPA)
The Stockholm Declaration of 1972
The Environmental Sanitation Laws of various states in Nigeria

Q98 One of these laws is an attempt of the law to regulate the natural and manmade environment
Lagos State Waste Management Authority Law
Federal Environmental Protection Agency Decree 1988 No 58
1972 Stockholm Conference on Environment
All of the above

Q99 The decision in the case of Akpan v. Akpan (Suit No WD/12/67 (Unreported), Lagos, 27, July 1968 is to the effect that
An author has opined that environmental law is incapable of repealing the rain and the wind neither can it repeal the law of ecology. This means that
The law is inadequate and very incapable of regulating the environment
Law is not capable of controlling the forces of interaction of the environment
Law is the instrument which regulates the biophysical and natural environment

Q100 The study of environmental law is a study that encompasses
environmental pollution and its control
laws relating to waste management
protection of natural planetary health and manmade surroundings
All of the above

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