PAD410 TMA

The British parliament although supreme but is subject to its international obligations
Administrative agencies cannot exceed the scope of authority granted to them by the ational Assembly
Which of the following is one of the major functions of the legislature
Which of the following has the powe to remove the President
The principal institution or arm of government driving the machinery of administrative law is the _______ branch of government.
___________ as a source of Administrative Law are the documentary laws made by Parliament in respect to administrative authorities.
___________ denied the existence of administrative law in the UK in his exposition on the rule of law worsened the non-recognition of administrative law as an autonomous course of study.
“The individual can do anything but that which is forbidden by law, and the state may do nothing but that which is authorized by ________”.
The Federal Agency responsible for receiving assets declaration by public officers
 The Chief Registrar of the Supreme Court is under the disciplinary control of _____
Administrative Law Law deals with the intercourse between the governmental Institutions and the private individual is called.
The King himself ought not to be subject to man, but subject to God and to the law, because the law makes him King.” This quotation is attributed to who
Which of the following agencies is a statutry agency.
Which of the following agencies was not created by the Constitution.
The remedy which enables a court to declare an act unlawful and of no legal effect is called
The remedy which orders the inferior court to continue or expedite action or proceedings is called
An applicant who wants to stop a preliminary inquiry will apply for the remedy of –
For a statutory power to be exercised validly under a delegation, the decision must be authorised by the Act under which it is made.
For a statutory power to be exercised validly under a delegation, the delegatee must comply with the admnistrative law principle of fairness.
For evidential purposes it is pertinent that a delegation should be in writing.
For ease of administration, delegations should where possible be to positions rather than named individuals.
A delegation should set out what statutory power is degated and the authority for the delegation.
Transparency is an important formalty that is required of delegation
Which of the following is not a prerogative remedy
For evidential purposes it is pertinent that a delegation should be in writing.
For ease of administration, delegations should where possible be to positions rather than named individuals.
A delegation should set out what statutory power is degated and the authority for the delegation.
Transparency is an important formalty that is required of delegation
Which of the following is not a prerogative remedy
Ultra vires means
Which of the prerogative remedies is used to compel the performance of a public duty
 The prerogative remedy which enables a superior court to quash the decision of an inferior cort is called
The prerogative remedy which directs that a prisoner be brought to court and be reeased from unlawful custody is callled.
The prerogative remedy which prevents a decision maker from exceeding the law is called..
Pecuniary interest can preclude a person from adjudicating over a matter
Kinship and friendship may be  basis of disqualifing a person from adjudicating over a matter
Inhibiting a party from stating his case may ground disqualification from adjudication
Procedural justice refers to the idea of fairness in the process that resolves disputes
The concept of procedural justice I also referred to as due process in United States
Fairness in the distribution of rights and resources is referred to as –
Natural justice is not wider in scope than fair hearing
If a tribunal observes the rule of natural justice it is irrelevant that the decision of tte tribunal is erroneous
Intra vires means
Intra vires acts are valid
Which of the following is the form of principal sanctions in criminal cases?
The desirable characteristics or qualities which a good system of education law should have are as follows Except_______________.
Magistrates and High Courts are courts of original jurisdiction, and  usually sit each with a ______________Judge on the Bench
The education laws enable the government to ____________
Which of the following does Not define the law which the courts of a particular state or country apply in the decision of controversies brought before them?
The type of education one received and is still receiving at home and in the Neighborhood is called ____________.
Decree 31 of ________ established the National Primary Education Commission (NPEC) to manage the development and financing of primary education throughout the federation.
The following are principal rights of the citizens, Except __________
Which of the following is not among the Disciplinary measures against a teacher’s misconduct?
__________tort entails proceeding intentionally to act in a way which invades the rights of another.
Which of these is a statutory record?
Which of these is not a statutory record?
An intentional tort committed without any form of physical “touching” taking place or or threat to do violence to another is referred to as ________
Which record contains some vital information on the structure and policies of Nigerian formal and non-formal education system?
Trespass to the person are still both crimes and these except
_____________  records are the records kept in accordance with the Education law and they must be produced on request by the Ministry.
For a school record to be a reliable reference material, it should satisfy the following conditions:
_______is the intentional or negligent unjustified publication of statement that tends to harm a person’s good name or reputation.
The school record that is properly numbered so that each child is given a number of admissions is called _______________
_______ is a written or printed statement that damages a person’s reputation or good name.
A court of first instance considers all the following before delivering the court decisions except _________
The courts perform a number of administrative responsibilities. Such as ___
The Appeal Court has the jurisdiction to hear and determine appeals from the Federal High Court, including ___________________
A court of first instance considers all the following before delivering the court decisions except _________
The courts perform a number of administrative responsibilities. Such as ___
The Appeal Court has the jurisdiction to hear and determine appeals from the Federal High Court, including ___________________
Education law is an important and indispensable tool a course necessary for the on-the-job survival of practical school administrators and teachers today.
The sources of Education law in Nigeria include all the following, Except
Investment in education enhances ________ of individuals and raises their productivity.
_____________ is one of the factors that influences the cost of education
Justification for the study of Economics of education rising cost of education and increase pressure in___________
Education is related to virtually all the systems, example_________ systems
Education could be regarded as that form of learning which leads to the acquisition of__
Economic growth is measured by the rates of increase  of _________
In ________________ approach, data are collected right from the time a person starts work till when he/she retires.
Education contributes to __growth by improving the literacy levels of the labour force
The Federal Government of Nigeria has initiated many educational programmes for raising the__
Education plays a major role in the acquisition of skills and __________
Which of the following Acts or offences are specified as professional misconduct by the various educational institutions?
Which of the following about law is not correct?
Education contributes to national development in the following ways except one
What militates against employment based on merit and the need of employers in Nigeria?
The reason why most applicants in some states of the country do not seek employment outside their home is _________
Cost in education can be conceptualized from two perspectives namely
___________ resources are used in the educational system for the production of an educated person
The direct costs in education are sometimes referred to as_________ costs
The national objectives, as specified in the National Policy on Education are basically __
________ is one of the measures that exist for enhancing the contributions of education to national objectives
Indirect cost in education is sometimes called __________
Equation for cost in Education is _________
Those who work in schools or banks produce __
Your bank savings could be regarded as a form of __________
______ is what a rational individual does that is patting money in a business with the aim of making profits
The plan to invest in education by many governments is to develop these skills except one
Recurrent costs incorporate expenses on such non-durable items as all except_________
Social cost is often regarded as the _______ cost of education to the entire society
________ in education parlance refers to the total output of such goods and services
In factories and industries, they produce all except ____________
Education could be classified as ___
Types of education which do not contribute to either better employment or higher financial remuneration is described as __
The management activities that is concerned with the planning and controlling of funds is called _______________ management.
which of the following are scope of education finance?
One of the reasons for studying education finance is to enable the administrator ____
which of the following is a specific area of financial management?                                                         i) procurement and raising of funds;                        ii) effective utilization of funds;                               iii) supervision of cash payment and receipt.
The subject that lie on the boarderline between economics of education and education law is _____
________ is concerned with the income and expenditure of educational institutions.
____ refers to a sum of money saved or made available for a particular purpose
The task of keeping expenditure in check and controlling the inflow of revenue is called _____
The authority given an administrator of an institution to spend money within an approved limit is called _____
The advance fund or ‘earnest money’ given to an administrator of an institution is called _____
Which of the following could also share in the funding of education?
School fees include all the following Except
Which of the undergraduates do not pay tuition fee?
Educational institutions can get funds from the following Except
The money and property given to a school to help it solve some of its pressing problems is refered to as ________ fund.
The fund set up by federal government of Nigeria to intervene in the implementation of education and infrastructural projects is called _________
The fund raised from private sector taxation is called ________.
Which of the following is NOT one of the key sector in the PTF need for intervention?
The petroleum trust fund (PTF) was inuagurated on 21st March of ________ .
Which of the following is the reason why taxes are paid?
The instrument used for identifying and authorising local purchases voted for in the school is called ______
The financ officer records all items and the amount approved to be expended every semester or year in a ______
The head of educational institution records all financial transactions in a ____________
A written order directing a bank to pay money to one whose name appears is called _______
_________ is concerned with the utilisation of cah flow into and out of the institution and within the institution.
A _______ indicates the most likely outcome of a future event based on what is currently known about the event.
The techniques used to assemble funds and make them readily available for investment are known as cash ________
________ refers to the action of spending money in providing goods and services for educational prograammes
Which of the fowing is Not one of the ways of maintaining good banking relationship? All heads of educational institutions are to:
The expenditure incured on personnel, consumable supplies and repairs is classified as _____ expenditure
The instrument used for identifying and authorising local purchases voted for in the school is called ______
The financ officer records all items and the amount approved to be expended every semester or year in a ______
The head of educational institution records all financial transactions in a ____________
A written order directing a bank to pay money to one whose name appears is called _______
_________ is concerned with the utilisation of cah flow into and out of the institution and within the institution.
A _______ indicates the most likely outcome of a future event based on what is currently known about the event.
The techniques used to assemble funds and make them readily available for investment are known as cash ________
________ refers to the action of spending money in providing goods and services for educational prograammes
Which of the fowing is Not one of the ways of maintaining good banking relationship? All heads of educational institutions are to:
The expenditure incured on personnel, consumable supplies and repairs is classified as _____ expenditure
The principal officers of the university include all Except_______
The ____ is vested by law with the general function of directing the activities of the university.
All meeting of congregation held for conferring degrees and meetings of convacation in the university is usualy presided ovr by the _____
BMAS stands for ______________
The first Higher Educational institution in Nigeria was established in the year _______
The ________ commission was established to advise the Nigerian government on Higher education needs of the nation for the next 2 decades.
The following are traditional functions of Higher education Except
Planning for the educational system of a nation takes its root from their _______
Higher education in Nigeria has how many goals?
The tenor of a university Pro-Chancellor is ______ years.
The ______ has the paramount responsibility of organising and controlling teaching, admission of students and discipline of students in the university.
Which of the following bodies have Not violated the individual authonomy of Nigerian university?
The general assembly of all graduate members of the university staff, both academic and non-academic is known as ________ .
The university enjoys all these authonomies Except _______ autonomy.
The power of the University to determine the means by which its goals and programmes will be pursued is known as _____ autonomy.
Which of the following agencies is Not responsible for quality assurance in Nigeria higher institution?
The system of evaluating academic programmes university in the with the laid down minimum academic standard is refered to as _______
All defined and prescribed courses of study offered in a university can be reffered to as its _______
______ defined curriculum as planned actions for instruction.
Which period of education development is refered to as the period of “learning on the job”?
The duty to render account of work performed to a body that has authority to modefy the performance by the use of sanction or reward is refered to as ____
In quality management, the internal constituents is made up of
Which of the following is Not one of the reasons for institutional accountability?
The following are examples of performance indicators in higher institution Except
Which of the following steps would Not deepen quality in Nigeria higher education operations?
The three major areas to be considered in autonomy, freedom and accountability in institutions of higher learning in Nigeria include all Except
The following are the dimensions of quality Except; Quality as
Conforming to general accepted standard as defined by appropriate academic and professional committees is refered ro as _
Planned and systematic actions necessary to provide adequate confidence that a product or service will satisfy given requirement for quality. This definition of quality assurance is given by ___
When work done or things get fixed in the short term in order to meet assessment target; it is refered to as
The part of the management process that specializes in the management of
people in work organizations is called __________
The management activitie that deals with obtaining people with appropriate skills, abilities and experience to fill jobs in the work organization is called ____.
______ HRM model emphasizes the
interrelatedness and the coherence of human resource management activities.
The activities that  influence, or attempts to influence the distribution of resourses in an organisation for personal objective are called __________
The significance of a model to HRM is that ________
The administration of reward systems practices include the following except
Which of the following is Not one of the 4 parts of the Storey Model of HRM?
Which of the following is not one of the  components of the ‘Harvard model’ analytical framework?
which of the following is Not one of the functions of human resource management?
The industrial relations theorist that identified two types of workplace conflict; organized and unorganized is __________
The following are steps organizations take in recruitment exercise Except ______
 _________ is the systematic organizational effort to minimize problems confronting new staff in contributing maximally to the work of the school.
 Which of these is Not one of the components of employment interview by Edwin Flippo?
Staff selection after the interview is conducted depends on which of the following?
One of the  merits of staff induction programme is that _______
 Which of theses is Not one of the objectives of the Induction Process?
__________is the system of compensation given to worker for a job done
Which of these factors is not  taken into account or  consider in making decisions about wages and salaries?
 __________is concerned with the determination of the worth or value of a job to an organization
Which of the following is Not true about Staff development?
There is not equivalent of …………………………..as international law making body.
International law can only be created by ……………………..
According to Cassese International Law is ………………………..System of orgamnisation.
There is no International Court that can………………………..when a state is in breach.
The Court has ……………………….in punishing States in breach of their international obligation,
Compulsory jurisdiction of International Court of Justice can only be effective where …………………………..the compulsory Jurisdiction.
The role of International Court of Justice is resolve dispute without……………….
International Court of Justice will have jurisdiction to entertain dispute between two states, when the states………………………
The soveriegnty of a state extends only within its…………………………………
All states have …………………………under international law
63 States were parties to the League of Nations in 1939 including
Mr. Henry L. Stimson, the Secretary of the United States said “War between nation was renounced by the signatories of the Kellgg Brian Treaty”, in …………
The case that illustrates the significance customary rule of international law is …….
The 1970 General Assembly Resolution 2625-Declaration of Principles of International Law Concerning friendly relations and co-operation among states in accordance with the charter of the United Nation-is important in the interpretation of…………….
The war of agression constitutes a crime against the peace, for which there is ………..under International Law
Clearly both political force nad economic force could be interpreted as coming within………..
Another General Assebly Resolution to the interoretation of Article 2(4) is ……..
The Security Council of the United Nations are defined and created under …………
Israel used the justification of terrorism to attack ………………..in 1982
NATO inervened in Kosovo in 1999 for………….
Which of these types of training can be readily available for an educational organization?
Which of the following is Not true about promotion?
which training is  used mainly to update knowledge and skills or externally or both
 A system in an organization through which vacant positions or posts are filled through an internal source is called ___________
 Which of these is the reason why transfers are made?
 which of the following factors is Not a  criteria to be considered in the promotion of staff
Why is record keeping important in your school administration?
___________ is the emotional reaction of a person to his job.
 ____________ is also an urge or drive within or outside an individual which makes him to take action
Which of the following is Not one of the principles of motivation?
…………..an international conference was held in which adopted an International Declaration Concerning Laws and Customs of War.
The first International Peace Conference was held in………..
The 1907 International Peace Conference adopted …………………..Conventions
Before the First World War serious attempts had been made to …………..
The negotiation and adoption of the General Treaty for the Renunciation of War was made in….
The General Treat for the Renunciation of war is also known as…………….
The Convenant of League of Nation of 1919 provides forum for states to…….
 The economic sanction were irregularly applied that is why the Assembly of the League voting in……….make the economic sanction optional.
The Convenant of the League of Nations was originally created at the behest of the French Foreign Minister  name …….
The Convenant of the League of Nations  became Multilateral after………….states have signed
63 States were parties to the League of Nations in 1939 including
School time-table can be classify into ________ types
One of the indiscipline that is common to secondary school student is ________
School administration can be defined as the scientific organisation of human and ______ resources
All the following are budgetry method execpt
Which of the following is one of the challenges of school budget in Nigeria
The essence of management is to _______  a goal as efficiently as possible.
Administration is a process and it is sometimes used synonymously with _______
The supervision technique which involves the presentation of pre-arranged series of event in form of teaching by a “master-teacher” to a group of teacher is ________
_____________ is a means of getting people to do what you want them to do.
The type of leadership works “by the book” ensuring that their staff follow procedures exactly the way it is writen down is ________
Community in appreciation of the roles of school provides _______
The following are some principles that are common to all organisations execpt
Organisation may be classified into _______ types
Which of these is not a quality of a school administrator
 _______ is a leadership style in which a leader exerts high levels of power over his/her employees
    _______ ensures that the right instruction is passed to the students with the right method by the right people at the right time
In Nigeria, there are _______ main categories of education administrators
The following are the roles of the school to the host community execpt
Management is often described as an ubiquitous concept because:
The style of leadership that invites one or more members of the team with himself to make decision for organisation is known as _______
The federal unity schools are under the control of ______
The first educational ordinance was enacted in ______
which of these is not necessary on the school site
The amalgamation of the Southern and Northern Protectorate came up in ______
The only convincing evidence that the teachers has given adequate though and considered what he/she is teaching is ______
 ______ is a book that shows the particulars of the registration of pupils enrolled in a particular school
Which of these is not under supervision of the ministry of education
Which of these can be considered as the first education ordinance to be enacted for Nigeria
The state primary education Board (SPEB) was established for each state by Decree ______
National University Commission(NUC) was established in ______
Which approach studies the dynamics of interaction between administrative system and its environment consisting of political, social, cultural and economic dimensions?
Who explored the dynamics of interaction between public administration and its external environment?
Ecology in simple words relates to -.
F.W. Riggs  constructed how many ‘ideal models’ (theoretical models) to explain the administrative system in a comparative context?
Developed countries of the world are on the general basis demonstrate peculiar characteristics in public administration that reflect their – experience.
Which country claimed to be the oldest form of public personnel system even though there are historical accounts which subscribe that well-established personnel system existed in China (353 BC)?
Who set the table for a centralised administration as an efficient administration in France?
What led to the establishment of Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen that lead to the first step of France’s constitution framing?
In France,  – is  chosen and appointed as per the President’s wish from the Parliament.
Which country developed Public administration earlier than in many of her neighboring countries?
French government has been dominated by -.
The civil service in France does not work under the same assumptions of impartiality as in -.
What is a change of position that involves the assumption of greater responsibilities and a movement up the ladder of authority?
In –  constitutional interpretations, the state contained both a moral quality as well as a legal/administrative one.
Each tier in Germany’s administrative system functioned as an extension of the -.
Division of labor has been one of the central principles of – administration.
The composition of the German civil service ranks changed dramatically in the early decades of the – century.
In the German Civil Service, – have permanent  tenure.
In Germany Civil Service,  –  have permanent tenure.
Which country has the common feature of constitutional and hereditary monarchy?
Before 1870 in – civil servants could not be sued in any civil court of law unless the government permitted such an action.
The British civil service made its first major movement toward modernization as a result of – Report of 1853.
In contrast to American and French experience,  – relied more on non-specialists in the career civil service system.
Training in Britain is fashioned in such a way as to fulfill the needs of  -.
At the top of civil service administration in the UK, promotions are made on -.
In UK retirement age is fixed at – years.
The gentlemen period of personnel system was started with Washington’s first administration in – after the formation of the United States of America.
The gentleman era (in America) attempted to develop – in the administrative branch.
The system of merit recruitment was introduced in 1865-1869 during the tenure of – as the USA president.
In the USA the federal government established a Bureau of Efficiency in -.
Which report  stressed the value of a civil service recruited on the basis of merit?
The purpose of the Public Perssonnel Management is to provide a clear understanding of development in the field of –  so that those managing public establishment will certainly and increasingly face
Historically, the British colonial rule was – in nature under the unified civil service system established by them in 1900.
The British system of public personnel management was based on –
Before Nigeria‟s independence in 1960, the process of regionalization of the public service in – and Nigerianization in – has started.
After independence, the Nigerian public service was characterized of – military dictatorship and several reforms.
Which Nigerian public service reform enhanced professionalization of the civil service?
What is the management role that is concerned with people at work and their relationships within the organization?
One of the key responsibilities of the personnel manager is to  -.
What is the formal assessment of staff in order to determine his performance level called.
What is that process which starts from getting an applicant interested enough in a job and in a particular organization to write an application and the process stops when his application has been received in the organization?
What is the oldest and the most common appraisal method in use?
Another name for fringe benefits is -.
What is the strategy used in getting the best from employees in an orgarnisation?
Which programme should be characterized by sufficient flexibility to enable adaptation to varying employee needs?
An organized group of people who pool their money and agree to make loans to one another is called -.
The activities that employees must normally take care of themselves in their daily lives is known as -.
What is the most important contribution of company cafeteria to the employees?
The practice under which the company allows the employees to purchase its own goods at a discount is known as -.
A process where the employer assists the employee to acquire education is called -.
The employee service programmes, which can be used to increase morale and consequently productivity in an organisation is known as -.
What is  an  organization’s greatest assets?
One of the key responsibilities of the personnel manager is to evaluate the performance of  -.
The essence of –  is to assess the employee character, attitude, potential and past performance on the job.
What helps to create and maintain a reasonable level of employee job performance?
Potential employees in the public sector service of a country is limited to its  -.
Which among  the listed is a type of internal selection?
One of the listed is a measure and bases for promotion.
The simplest and most time-honored basis for promotion is -.
The movement of the employee to another position of the same class in another organization unit is called -.
Payments made to employees in addition to salaries and wages are called -.
The qualitative analysis tells on both quantitative data such as the following except
…………. approach in the study of public policy analysis
describes the policy process, narrate the implementation and impact of
programmes, among others.
the Nigerian Enterprises Promotion Decree (NEPD) was promulgated in what year
Most of the problems of the manufacturing sector have often been attributed to all of these except
In the late 1970’s,  the structure of the
m a n u f a c t u r i n g  s e c t o r  was characterised by the following except
one of the following is not an objectives of the Debt Conversion Programme
all of the following are incentives provided by the policy to support, industrial
development except
one of these is not a type of Public Policies
what is the full meaning of SME
The main component of government strategy for attracting foreign capital
is the liberalization of access to foreign exchange for individuals and
companies provided through the ……..
………. Approaches in the studies of public analysis relies on
q ua n tit a t ive d a ta a nd t e ch ni q ue s i n i t s s o u r c e ; m e t h o d ,
analysis and p
Increasing the …….. of Nigerian industrial output is a central
objective of government industrial policy
The ……… represent an important
instrument for improving technological capacity
Which theory populates that public policy reflects the values of elite and preferences of the elite, rather than demands of the masses
……. is the statutory body responsible
for standardization and quality control in the nation’s economy.
What is the full meaning of SAP……………………………
……….. Industries are defined as
those whose total investment cost does not exceed on hundred
thousand Naira (N100,000) including working capital but exclusive
of land.
……. act has been amended in order to encourage potential and existing
investors and entrepreneurs.
What theory sees policy as an output of the political
system.
The elements of the objective of government industrial policy include all these except
………. Approaches in the studies of public analysis relies on
q ua n tit a t ive d a ta a nd t e ch ni q ue s i n i t s s o u r c e ; m e t h o d ,
analysis and p
Increasing the …….. of Nigerian industrial output is a central
objective of government industrial policy
The ……… represent an important
instrument for improving technological capacity
Which theory populates that public policy reflects the values of elite and preferences of the elite, rather than demands of the masses
……. is the statutory body responsible
for standardization and quality control in the nation’s economy.
What is the full meaning of SAP……………………………
……….. Industries are defined as
those whose total investment cost does not exceed on hundred
thousand Naira (N100,000) including working capital but exclusive
of land.
……. act has been amended in order to encourage potential and existing
investors and entrepreneurs.
What theory sees policy as an output of the political
system.
The elements of the objective of government industrial policy include all these except
Between 1920-1925 DuPont started using Return on Investment as a  measure of -.
When did General Electric introduce the use of key corporate performance measure?
The challenge of learning from the performance measures is both intellectual and -.
The origin of performance management can  be  traced  in  the  early – when the performance appraisal systems were in practice
Performance management has a developmental purpose, meaning that it serves as a basis for developing employees -.
Specifically, performance management is about aligning individual objectives to – and ensuring that individuals uphold corporate core values.
Performance management focuses on future performance planning and improvement and personal development rather than on -.
A stakeholder approach defines the contribution of performance measurement according to three roles: coordination, monitoring and -.
Standards around measurement in a business environment are owed to the -, who evaluated the performance of their sailing expeditions by calculating the difference between the investment made by the ship owner and the money obtained by selling the goods brought back by the journey.
The evolution of measurement in business was driven by three institutions; the -, –  and the public service.
One of the earliest books on performance measurement that used used the term “measure” in the context of evaluating performance is -.
Effective performance measurement is key in ensuring that – is successfully implemented.
Performance measurement is an essential element of  -.
A measure of the degree to which an individual values a particular reward is called -?
About 40 years after Potter’s Instruction was printed, one of the first uses of term – appeared  in  a  report  published  for  the  Springfield  Amory.
From a production point of view, what happens if organisations could not use their power to restrain trade?
What provides an achievement standard for business processes and can help identify areas that are succeeding or failing?
Which of the enumerated lists are the uses of performance information?
Evaluation is the usual reason for measuring -.
Performance measures contain information that can be used not only to evaluate, but also to   -.
Performance measurement provides an achievement standard for business processes and can help identify areas that are -.
The Expectancy Theory of Victor Vroom deals with motivation and -.
Management by objectives, or MBOs, are useful for measuring the performance of employees in – positions.
The practice of using 360-degree feedback is helpful in measuring -.
Which approach combines quantifiable information, such as sales quotas and budgetary requirements, with performance standards particular to the position?
Performance management is a method of influencing – within a context in directions that will meet the needs of the stakeholders in the organisation.
The employee relations climate of an organisation represents the perceptions of employees and their representatives about the ways in which relationships between – and –  are maintained.
Research conducted by Earley (1986) found that employees trusted feedback from a computer more than feedback from a -.
Bureaucratic methods of working may also affect the design and operation of -.
One of the explicatory theories upon which performance management is based is -.
………..  industries are defined as those with total investment of between one hundred thousand naira and two million naira exclusive of land, but
including working capital
In pursuit of the dispersal of industries, the local government areas (LGAs) of the country
have been grouped into…. zones
P o l i c y  O b j e c t i v e s  a n d  S t r a t e g i e s are all these except
T h e  N i g e r i a n  E x p o r t  P r o m o t i o n  C o u n c i l is also
responsible for administering the ……..
The objective of government industrial policy shall be to achieve an accelerated pace of
All these will contribute to the
achievement of improving technological skills
Industrial Development Coordinating Committee (IDCC)  comprises of all these except
What is the full meaning of ETA
the Nigerian Enterprises Promotion Decree (NEPD) was amended in what year
what does EDP stand for
The basic learning components of teaching during European masters were Arithmetic and ____ subject
First teachers’ training was aimed at becoming pupils’ teacher and catholists/____
Teachers who were sponsored to higher education have to serve their sponsors for some ___ years before they can be free
With the approache of independence from 1950 – 1960, the Nigerian citizens had the desire for good ___ programmes
The colleges were on the produce teacher at the Grade three and later Grade ____ levels
During colonia masters, before the teachers could to on to the next class, he must have received ____ good annual reports to his credit
In ____the Universal Primary Education (UPE) scheme was launched
The UPE is one of the periods in the history of teaching when teaching was purely ____ and even filled up by people who should never be teachers
One important characteristic of a profession is the monopoly of ___ it enjoys over its own affairs
Teaching defined as the art of _____ knowledge from the teacher to the learner
……………….. in the global economy means that countries are
increasing less self-inefficiencies
international monetary exchange, and other………. in the global
market place play an important role in determining the jobs we have,
country’s rate of inflation etc.
Soviet Union dissolved into……….. independent countries
Economic interdependence and economic disparity between the wealthy
north and the relatively less developed south affect the ……
The growth of …………is one significant charge in the
international system since the Second World War.
full meaning of (IMF)
The terms North and …………. are used to denote two economic spheres
The…….. is predominantly a place of reasonable economic security,
literacy, and adequate health care.
………. take a different view of the world and its
future.
Industrialization and science have been two-edged swords in their
relationship to the environment and the quality of…………..
Paying the price to create and distribute technologies that will allow for
a maximum balance between ……………and environmental
protection is the second option.
Adopting hydroelectricity options to provide relatively non-polluting
energy requires the construction of ……… that flood the surrounding
One of the following countries is not a part of the EU
One of these is not a characteristics of the complex powers of human decisionmaking
the population of Nigeria increased from 88.5 million people to 140 million in what year
The performance management process evolved in several phases which include the following except
Performance management focuses on future performance planning and improvement and
personal development rather than on …….
 Purposes of Performance Management are the following except
……… appraisal l is the continuing assessment of an individual’s performance by his manager in the normal course of work
Setting of Performance Standards includes the following stages except
The weakening of the dominant western orientation is caused by the
expansion of the majority of these new countries are final in Africa and…………..
Economic interdependence and economic disparity between the wealthy
north and the relatively less developed south affect the ………
The growth of economic interdependence is one significant charge in the
international system since the……………
Environmental optimists take a different view of the world and its……………..
Industrialization and science have been two-edged swords in their
relationship to the environment and the quality of ……………….
The world population, so far from the available stabilities, increase at………………..rate
As at October…….. , the population of the world has passed the 6billion
mark and since then millions have been added
Population Fund (UNFPA) has declared that the world population will
stabilize at about 10.7 billion people in………….
The problem facing UNFPA is lack of consensus on how to achieve
some…………………
………. take a different view of the world and its
future.
At strategic level, performance management as a discipline has a short history becoming established only in the …… century.
A ……….. operates as a continuous and self-renewing cycle
 Employee performance management, according to Behn (2003), includes all these except
Performance is measured at organisational level or …………. Level
One of these is not a reason why appraisals are carried out in organizations
 â€¦â€¦â€¦..is a result that can be measured quantifiably
what isn the meaning of Ain the acronym SMART
performance management gained its popularity in early …….
one of these is not a basic activity or function which a manager must accomplish
Outcome measures includes all these except one
The process of assessing how well someone was regarded in terms of personality traits and qualities
What is a sophisticated and useful rating method for evaluating performance.
All of the following can  rate an employee’s performance except
Performance management is a planned process of which the primary elements are all these but one
Organisations establish performance management systems to meet three broad purposes that include all these except
The performance management process evolved in several phases which include the following except
Performance management focuses on future performance planning and improvement and
personal development rather than on …….
 Purposes of Performance Management are the following except
……… appraisal l is the continuing assessment of an individual’s performance by his manager in the normal course of work
Setting of Performance Standards includes the following stages except
How many basic categories of appraisal methods are commonly used in organizations
The origin of performance management, according to Brooks (2016), evolved under the following except
The ‘S’ in the acronym SMART means
All these are The Context of Performance Appraisal except
Human Capital Management (2014) listed some principles of writing good standards that can be
used effectively to evaluate employee performance and they include all these except
Objective measures of performance include the following except
The origin of performance management, according to Brooks (2016), evolved under the following years except
Performance management is concerned with all this except one
There are ……. main categories of performance appraisal
 â€¦â€¦â€¦. is a visible effect that
is the result of effort but cannot necessarily be measured in quantified terms.
_______is the totality of activities carried out under the auspices of a school, in response to societal demands
_____refers to all the various implicit values, norms and practices in the educational system
Early Childhood Education is a term that describes the education of young children from birth through age ____
one belief of Rosseau which was considered too extreme, was that no formal instruction should be given until the child has reached __ age
Pestalozzi believed that education was a living process and rejected the practice of learning by ______
_____ outstanding contribution has been the development of a theory of cognitive development focusing on how children think, reason and perceive the world.
Martin Luther philosophically believes in compulsory education and stresses the teaching of _____
The main goal of children’s development is adaptation to and some mastery of their_____
A _____ child is more alert and active than one who is not spoken to, played with or allowed to explore
At what age range would u start tell stories and encourage child to respond
One of these is NOT one of the phenomena that gave an impetus to the demand for a new international economic order in the early 1970s.
The New International Economic Order lays emphasis on a greater role of LDCs in international trade by adopting the all the  following measures EXCEPT one which aim
at improving the terms of trade of LDCs and removing their chronic trade deficits.
.——–is used to describe any situation where there is uncertainty and what outcome will  occur.
.——–is the type of risk that cannot be abridged or predicted in any approach.
.——– is a future oriented risk arising from decisions on creating new products, entering new markets, and location of a disaster recovery site in relation to the main centre of operations as well as emergence of mergers and new entry in the market.
All persons owners or shareholders of a business entity that are interested in the fortunes of business are called?.
The  major  pre-occupation  of any  business  entity  is to ———— from its operations.
One of these is NOT an inside stakeholder of a business organisation?
One of these is NOT an outside stakeholder of a business organisation
The ——– are those individuals who have the attitude of taking appropriate measure to avoid incurring risk or the outcomes of risky events.
An investor or manager who accepts risk at less than the expected average loss, perhaps even paying to add risk is called?
A person willing only to pay the average loss as a premium is considered a  ——-?.
A situation where  the decision maker makes use of his past experience and available statistical records to determine the objective probability and relative frequency of the occurrence of various outcomes is known as?.
.———- refers to indirect costs which are borne by the rest of the society as a result of occurrence of risk.
  Costs  incurred from the occurrence of risk by the individual or firm which is affected by the outcomes of the risk are called?.
.——– various  factors contributing to the occurrence of perils are called?.
.——– refer to the tangible conditions or characteristics of  risk that influence the frequency and or severity of loss inherent in a risk.
.———hazard is used in reference to those factors that have their origin embedded in mental attitudes of human aspects that may influence the outcome of risk.
.———- in business parlance are commonly known as policy.
.———denotes a future course of action of intent towards the activities of an organization.
.———  is an organization engaged in the trade of goods, services, or both to consumers.
A ——— is a business owned by one person for-profit.
A ——— is a limited liability business that is organize for-profit or not-for-profit.
.———-  is concerned with those organizational decisions which have not been dealt/faced before in same form.
Hofer et al., (1984) have viewed the evolution of business policy in terms of—— paradigm
shifts.

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