Q41 The mixed-scanning model is a reaction to both rational and————— model.
Q42 Where no satisfactory alternative is found, the level of aspiration would be reduced so that eventually an alternative that is satisfactory matches the new level of aspiration is found.
Q43 The ultimate choice is the ———–that is good enough, feasible, satisfactory and meets the decision makers standards and expectations.
Q44 The satisfying model is the process of finding a decision alternative that meets the decision maker’s minimum standard of ——————-.
Q45 The weaknesses of the incremental model include its subjectivity, failure to realize that new values need to be incorporated, among others while its main strength is the reflection of the ——— realities of decision-making. (Ikelegbe, 1996:39)
Q46 —————gave summary of the incremental model as consisting of marginal calculation, consideration of limited alternatives, adjustment of goals to means, consideration of limited consequences.
Q47 The incremental model was postulated by Robert Dahl and ———– Lindblown as a reaction to the constraints of the rational model.
Q48 The rational-comprehensive relies on rational decision-making models developed by Mathematicians and ———————-. (Olaniyi, 1998:64).
Q49 The ———————model of policy making can be described as a system analysis approach based on principles of scientific investigation and scientific problem solving.
Q50 The models give answers to the questions of what assumptions and puzzles guide decision making and what ————— and scale of relevance do guide and should guide the entire analysis (Ikelegbe; 1996:36).
Q51 ———- can be described as simplifications and abstractions of the real world, with the purpose of discovery of facts, which enhance our understanding.
Q52 In developed countries, groups may have much input in the———— and implementation process.
Q53 The degree of successes of government policy is tested through ———–
Q54 ——–popularized the system theory in political studies.
Q55 Public policies are therefore the reaction of the political system to environmental elemental ——and pressures. (Ikelegbe: 1996:3, 20)
Q56 Demand are the articulated needs, problems and articulated needs, problems and aspirations which are brought to bear upon the ————–
Q57 The ——–sees policy as an output of the political system.
Q58 The sample surveying research is also commonly used in policy analysis of —————
Q59 ———-consists of an experimental and control group.
Q60 Linear regression is particularly useful in evaluation in providing linear extrapolations of pre-policy values thus enhancing comparisons with ——— values.
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