Q21 The mixed-scanning model is a reaction to both rational and————— model.
Q22 Where no satisfactory alternative is found, the level of aspiration would be reduced so that eventually an alternative that is satisfactory matches the new level of aspiration is found.
Q23 The ultimate choice is the ———–that is good enough, feasible, satisfactory and meets the decision makers standards and expectations.
Q24 The satisfying model is the process of finding a decision alternative that meets the decision maker’s minimum standard of ——————-.
Q25 The weaknesses of the incremental model include its subjectivity, failure to realize that new values need to be incorporated, among others while its main strength is the reflection of the ——— realities of decision-making. (Ikelegbe, 1996:39)
Q26 —————gave summary of the incremental model as consisting of marginal calculation, consideration of limited alternatives, adjustment of goals to means, consideration of limited consequences.
Q27 The incremental model was postulated by Robert Dahl and ———– Lindblown as a reaction to the constraints of the rational model.
Q28 The rational-comprehensive relies on rational decision-making models developed by Mathematicians and ———————-. (Olaniyi, 1998:64).
Q29 The ———————model of policy making can be described as a system analysis approach based on principles of scientific investigation and scientific problem solving.
Q30 The models give answers to the questions of what assumptions and puzzles guide decision making and what ————— and scale of relevance do guide and should guide the entire analysis (Ikelegbe; 1996:36).
Q31 ———- can be described as simplifications and abstractions of the real world, with the purpose of discovery of facts, which enhance our understanding.
Q32 In developed countries, groups may have much input in the———— and implementation process.
Q33 The degree of successes of government policy is tested through ———–
Q34 ——–popularized the system theory in political studies.
Q35 Public policies are therefore the reaction of the political system to environmental elemental ——and pressures. (Ikelegbe: 1996:3, 20)
Q36 Demand are the articulated needs, problems and articulated needs, problems and aspirations which are brought to bear upon the ————–
Q37 The ——–sees policy as an output of the political system.
Q38 The sample surveying research is also commonly used in policy analysis of —————
Q39 ———-consists of an experimental and control group.
Q40 Linear regression is particularly useful in evaluation in providing linear extrapolations of pre-policy values thus enhancing comparisons with ——— values.
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